This section is from the book "Arts & Crafts Magazine Vol1-2", by Hutchinson & Company.
IT occurred to me the other day as I went round the School of Art Wood-carving, and saw the students busy at their work, that it might interest some of my readers to see a few snap-shots of a carver at work. The Manager, Miss Reeks, readily fell in with the idea, and kindly gave me a series of demonstrations of how she
Fig. 1. - Bench and Wood-carver's Tools handled her tools. Fig. I gives a selection of thirteen of the most useful tools; a round-headed mallet, a pair of callipers, a pair of compasses, and a bench-screw in use. It will be remembered in my remarks on the carvings by the late Mr. W.
Fig. 2 Inserting Bench-screw
H. Grimwood, I mentioned how essential a bench screw was for any carved design that required modelling. Fig. 2 shows the screw just inserted into the carved panel: it has been screwed in by the fly which the carver holds in her hand, and on which will be noticed a small square opening which fits on to the end of the screw, and so forms a handle which enables the worker to screw it in with. When this is done, the fly is taken off and the screw is dropped into a hole in the bench, the square block is then slipped up and the fly screwed on from the middle until it is in the position seen in Fig. I. The panel shown in this illustration has just been started; the design is a festoon in high relief with a goat's head in the middle. The photograph indicates the method of finding the high parts first, by means of the callipers and compasses, and then wasting the wood away, so as to arrive at the various planes. This is done before setting down the outline or clearing out the ground spaces, which in the example before us have only been done on, the lower side of the panel, forming the general boundary for the festoon. The carver's next step would be to pencil out the leading lines of his ornament and separate them from the general masses. This way of working was dwelt upon in the article previously referred to.
Fig. 3 shows a router in use, and also one lying on the bench to show more clearly the construction of this tool. It is made of wood, and in the middle
Fig. 3. - Use of is a small chisel inserted to the depth required, and kept in position by a wedge of wood. It is used for finding the level of a ground, and works somewhat like a plane. A small hole is first made in the wood with the tools, and then the router is