This section is from the book "Arts & Crafts Magazine Vol1-2", by Hutchinson & Company.
As .an example for low relief, this panel is excellent. Nothing could be better than the line cuts that may be executed. Well seasoned oak, without a flaw, should be the wood. Transfer the design, taking care that the lines are not lost, and after working down to the ground level about 1/4 inch, model up the form. leaving the hand holding the basket in the highest relief - perhaps about 1/2 inch or so above the proper level. The drapery will be suggested by decisive cuts rather than much careful modelling, but the features, flowers and fruit will call for a good deal of working up.
The Rose Plaque. (See Supplement.) This is a very suitable design for carving, and presents very few difficulties to even the novice. The relief is very slight and the work could be attempted by those who have only confined their attention to chip carving. Holly will perhaps be the best wood to use. The depth of the ground should not be more than 1/8 inch; therefore the wood need not he more than 1/2 inch in thickness. The stamens should be suggested by veining marks only.
The Tudor Rose in the Supplement is suitable for low relief, or would do in a border, or for small " bosses." The carving should be bold, and the sweep of the gouge and chisel plainly shown. The effect would be spoilt if the work were highly finished.
The Design No. 20 in the Supplement suggests an effective method of decorating a plain wooden surface by veining the lines and then filling in the ground with a stamp. This would throw up the decoration, and with very little work, carefully done, the result would be excellent.
Both the Card Case designs given on another page will be found very suitable for carving in holly. The relief should be-quite slight - not more than 1-16 inch, and the ground pared off to the lines of the design and not brought to one level. The designs, if enlarged, could be carved as bookcovers.