This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
This is a New Zealand tree, giving brownish wood 20-30 ft. long and 15-30 in. sq., useful for internal carpentry and joinery, and weighing 46 lb. a cub. ft. It is known as the "bastard black pine" in Otago, the wood being less durable than that of the matai or "true black pine"; it is reddish, close-grained and brittle, the cross section showing the heartwood star-shaped and irregular. The wood is generally thought to be unfitted for piles and marine works, except where only partially exposed to the influence of sea-water, when it is reported durable.
Monoao or Yellow Pine (Dacrydium Colensoi) is a very ornamental tree, 20-80 ft. high, giving a light and yellow wood, which is one of the strongest and most durable in New Zealand. Posts of this wood have stood several hundred years' use among the Maoris,, and it is greatly valued for furniture.
This tree is a native of British Guiana and Trinidad, growing luxuriantly on sand-reefs and barren clays of the coast regions, reaching 130-150 ft. high, and squaring 18-20 in. Its wood is extremely tough, close, and cross-grained, being one of the most difficult to split. It is one of the eight first-class woods at Lloyd's, making admirable keels, timbers, beams, and knees, and in most respects superior to oak. Its weight is 57 lb. a cub. ft.; crushing-force, 10,000 lb.; breaking-weight, 1212 lb. The wood is of a chestnut-brown colour, sometimes beautifully figured. It is free from dry-rot, but subject to starshake. Its market form is logs 18-35 ft. long and 18-20 in. sq.
Muskwood (Eurybia argophylla) grows in densely scrubby places among the mountain ranges of Tasmania, which makes it difficult to get out. This timber never grows very high; it has a pleasant fragrance, is of a beautiful mottled colour, and well adapted for veneering, fancy articles of furniture, pianofortes, etc. Diam. 6-15 in., the butt enlarging towards the ground to 1 1/2, and even 2 1/2 ft.; height, 15-30 ft.; sp. grav., about 0.685. Abundant throughout the island.
This is a common tree of Central and S. India. Its wood is hard, heavy, tough, fibrous, close-grained, rather difficult to work, unaffected by white ants, and considered extremely durable. It is used for beams and telegraph posts. Its weight is 60 lb. a cub. ft.; breaking-weight, 860 lb.
Nageswar (Mesua ferrea) is a valuable Assam timber, harder and more durable than Jaral, but not so suitable for boat-building, as it is much heavier, and difficult to work. Grows till 80 years old, when it reaches a height of 45 ft. and a diam. of 6 ft., such trees being worth 31.