(a) All that need be provided is a little melted glue, some paste, a needle and stout thread, some white and some coloured papers, and a few other trifling items. Arrange the sheets to be bound in their proper order, and beat them even at the back and head; subject them to a heavy pressure between two flat surfaces, by piling weights upon them. If there is a press handy, press them in that, so as to make them lie as close as possible. Now take two pieces of tape 1/2 inch wide, and each 2 inches longer than the width of the back of the book. Stiffen the tape by drawing it through paste, and let it dry, with as little of the paste adhering to it as possible, before using. Fold the pieces of stiff tape, and place the sheets within them in such a position that the two tapes will divide the length of the back into three equal parts, or thereabouts. With a lead pencil, while the sheets are pressed down firmly with the left hand, draw a line down each side of the tapes, and two other lines, each one dividing that part of the back outside the tapes into equal portions. These lines mark the place for the entrance of the needle.
The sheets of the book are to be sewn on to the tapes in the same way as directed where the book is sewn on to the cords; but with tapes it is not quite so easy, as during the sewing of the first two or three sheets there is some difficulty in keeping the tapes in their places; and as there are no cuts or grooves made with the saw, some force is required to get the needle through the paper. When the book is sewn, the threads fastening each sheet are seen outside the tapes. The back must now receive a coating of glue, not too thin, after which it may be left to dry. The glue being hard and set, the book may be cut on the edges, with a straight-edge and a sharp knife. With a thin volume this is easy enough, but with anything approaching an inch in thickness it will be better to clip any projecting leaves with the shears, and to be content with uncut edges, if a cutting press is not available. The back must next be rounded with the hammer, which may be helped by pulling gently at the tapes while tapping with the tool.'
For the covers use the thinnest millboard, or stout pasteboard not thicker than a shilling. Cut two pieces of this of the proper size, so that they shall project about 1/8 inch over the head, foot, and fore-edge of the book, and glue them in their proper position on the projecting tapes, which will adhere to their inner sides. Over the tapes glue 6trips of coarse canvas an inch wide by six in length, and now glue on the open back in the manner previously directed When this glue is dry, the volume may be covered with paper, cloth, leather, or vellum. If vellum is used, that must be lined first with clean white paper firmly pasted on it. A cheap covering is dark roan leather; a still cheaper is coloured canvas; but preferable to that are the leather papers sold by stationers. The mode of pasting on the covers has been already described; but if cloth coverings are used, glue and not paste will be necessary to make them adhere.
(6) Instead of gluing the tapes to the boards, cut a cloth cover large enough to allow for overlapping, and, allowing for the width of the back, glue the covers on the cloth parallel with each other, and turn in the cloth round the edges. When this is dry, the book may be placed in the cloth cover, the tapes glued to the inner sides, the open back to the back of doth, the strengthening canvas also being glued over the tapes; and finally, the end-papers being pasted down, the volume is finished. It will look but a homely affair; but it will cost little beyond the trouble, and will effectually preserve the volume. For many volumes published in numbers, the publishers supply covers at the end of the year: these may be securely fastened on by this simple method.