Age : 14-18 Years
Couching is a stitch par excellence suited to pile fabrics (velvet, velveteen) or to thick woollen materials, the surface of which does not readily adapt itself to accurate placing of the needle, and which is difficult to mark with pattern. On such materials, the main lines of the pattern may be defined by a thick thread or some strands of thread laid on the line, and sewn with about 6 or 7 stitches to the inch, so that the over-seam stitch may lie at right angles to the couching thread. After this the smaller details of the embroidery may be worked in with other stitches if these are desired (Diag. 136).
Snail Trail is an excellent stitch for the rapid working of lines, and is suitable for any firm material. It also makes good filling for large spaces worked close together in lines. It is equivalent to couching worked with one thread (Diag. 137).
Diag. 136. Diag. 137. Diag. 138.
Hold the thread down about one inch from where it comes out with the left thumb. Place the needle vertically close above the thread and bring it out again through the loop immediately below the thread, thus forming a knot - the knots to be placed from 1/4 to 1/2 inch apart, according to the thickness of the thread used.
Twisted Chain Stitch is worked much like the last, but the line of stitches is worked vertically as in chain stitch, and the knots are larger, and are worked close together (Diag. 138). This stitch must be worked loosely, and is best suited for soft materials.
A line of slightly sloping stitches worked from left to right, each stitch commencing about the middle of its predecessor (Diag. 139). Suitable for all smooth materials.
This is a variant of button-hole stitch, worked vertically from top to bottom ; the looped stitch is worked zigzag fashion, first to left of the line, and next a little lower diagonally to the right of it. The needle may take up its stitches either diagonally or vertically, as the imagination of the worker dictates, and the zigzags may be composed of either one or more stitches to left and right in regular sequence, as in Diags. 140, 141. This stitch is best suited as a trimming for washing garments.
An expansion of feather stitch. The needle is set in vertically immediately below the loop of the stitch above - producing a braid-like appearance (Diag. 142).
This is an excellent stitch for making raised lines or stems in wool or linen thread.
A long diagonal stitch is made from left to right downwards, the needle then directed through the material horizontally from right to left, coming out below the commencement of the first stitch. The thread is then taken upwards diagonally rather above the end of the first diagonal stitch, making a slightly less sloping stitch than the first and in the opposite direction. Repeating this process forms a beautiful plaited appearance, which may be from 1/6 to 1/2 inch wide (Diag. 143).