1 to 11/2', finely serrate, ending in a long, narrow point. Ova. sleuder, 4 to 5" long, about half the length of the greenish yellow corolla Sta. and sty. much exserted. Stig. capitate. Jn.
2 D. sessilifolia Buckley. Lvs. glabrous, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, sessile or subamplexicaul; peduncles 3 to b-flowered, crowded in the axils above; caps, cylindric-oblong, short-beaked, crowned with the subulate-setaceous calyx teeth. - High mountains of N. Car. (Buck)ey) Shrub 2 to 4f high. Leaves
2 to 4' long. Flowers sessile or pedicillate. Jn., Jl.
6. SAM'BUCUS, L. Elder. (Lat. sambuca, musical instrument, said to have been made of the elder.) Calyx small, 5-parted ; corolla 5-cleft, segments obtuse; stamens 5; stigma ohtuse, small, sessile ; berry glob-ous, pulpy, 3-seeded. - Shrubs or perennial herbs, with odd-pinnate or bipinnate lvs. Fls. in cymes.
1 S. Canadensis L. St. shrubby; cymes fastigiate, 5-rayed; Ifts. 3 to5 pairs with an odd one, oblong-oval, acuminate, smooth. - A common shrub 6 to 10f high, in thickets and waste grounds, U. S. and Can. St. tilled with a light and porous pith, especially when young. Lfls. serrate, the lower ones often binate or trifoliate. Petioles smooth. Fls. numerous, in very large (2f broad in Ind.) level-topped cymes, white, with a heavy odor. Berries dark purple. May - Jl.
2 S. pubens Mx. St. shrubby; cymes paniculate and pyramidal; Ifts. oval-lanceolate, acuminate, in 2 or 3 pairs, with an odd one, and with the petiole pubescent beneath. - A common shrub, in hilly pastures and woods, Hudson's Bay to Car., growing 6f high, more or less. Lvs. simply and unequally pinnate; Ifts. sharply serrate, very pubescent when young. Fls. in a close, ovoid thyrsus or panicle. Cor. white. Berries scaret, small. May, Jn.
ß. leucocarpa T. & G. Berries white. Catskill Mountains. (Mr. J. Hogg, fide T. & G.)
7. VIBUR'NUM, L. (Lat. viere, to tie; for the pliancy of the twigs?) Calyx small, 5-toothed, persistent; corolla rotate, limb 5-lobed, segments obtuse; stamens 5, equal, longer than the corolla; stigmas sessile ; ovary 1 to 3-celled, 1-ovuled; drupe, 1-seeded. - Shrubs or small trees, with simple, petiolate lvs., white fls. in cymes which are sometimes radiant.
a Cymes radiant, - the outer flowers serile and showy.....
a Cymes not radiant, the flowers all alike. (b)..........
b Leaves 3- lobed, palmately 3 to 5- veined.........
b Leaves not lobed, - coarsely toothed. Cymes stalked.........
- Sharply serrate. Cymes sessile......
- entire or nearly so. -Species native......
- Species exotic.........
1 V. lantanoides L. Hobble-bush. Lvs. orbicular, cordate, abruptly acuminate, unequally serrate ; petioles and veins covered with a ferruginous down; cyme sessile; fir. ovate. - A shrub very ornamental when in flower, common in the rocky woods of N. Eng., N. Y. and Can. Height about 5f. Branches long and crooked, often trailing and rooting. Lvs. very large, covered with a rusty pubescence when young, at length becoming green, the dust and down remaining only upon the stalk and veins. The radiant sterile lis. of the cyme are near l' diam., from a greenish color becoming white, flat, with 5-rounded lobes. Inner fls. much smaller, fertile. May.
2 V. Opulus L. High Cranberry. Smooth; lvs. 3-lobed, 3-veined, broader than long, rounded at base, lobes divaricate, acuminate, crenately toothed; petioles glandular; cymes pedunculate. - A handsome shrub, 8 to 12f high, in woods and borders of fields, N. States and Brit. Am. Sts. several from the same root, branched above. Lvs. with large, remote blunt teeth, the stalks with 2 or more glands at base, channeled above. Cymes radiate like the preceding species. Fr. resembles the common cranberry in flavor, and is sometimes substituted for it. It is red, very acid, ripens late, remaining upon the bush after the leaves have fallen. Jn. (V. Oxy coccus Ph.)
ß. roseum. Guelder Rose. Snow-ball. Lvs. rather acute at base, longer than broad, lobes acuminate, with acuminate teeth; petioles glandular; fls. all neutral, in globous cymes. - This variety is the popular shrub so generally admired and cultivated as a companion of the Lilac, Snowberry, Philadelphus, etc. Its dense spherical cymes are wholly made up of barren flowers.
3 V. acerifdlium L. Dockmackie. Lvs. subcordate, acuminate, 3-veined, 3-lobed, acutely dentate; petioles without glands, cymes on long peduncles; stam. ex-serted. -A shrub 4 to 6f high, with yellowish green bark, growing in woods, Can. and U. S. Lvs. broad, rounded and sometimes cordate at base, divided into 3 acurninate lobes, with a form not very unlike that of the maple leaf, the under surface as well as the younger branches a little downy. Branches straight, slender, very flexible, ending with a pair of lvs. and a long stemmed, cymous umbel of white fls. Fr. oval, compressed. Jn.
4 V. pauciflorum Pylaie. Nearly smooth in all its parts; lvs. roundish, with 3 short lobes at summit, serrate, mostly 5-veined from the base; cymes small and pedunculate, terminating the very short lateral branches; stam. much shorter than the cor. - A small shrub with white fls., Mansfield, Mt., Vt, (Macrae), White Mts., N. H. (Robbins), N. to Newfoundland.
5 V. dentatum L. Arrow-wood. Nearly smooth; lvs. roundish-ovate, coarsely dentate-serrate, petiolate, straight-veined; cymes pedunculate. - A shrub 8 to 12f high, not uncommon in damp woods and thickets, Can. to Ga. It is called arrow-wood from the long, straight, slender branches or young shoots. Lvs. roundish, 2 to 3' diam., the upper pair oval, the veins beneath prominent, parallel and pubescent in their axils. Fls. white, succeeded by small, roundish, dark blue berries. Jn. - Hardly distinct from the next.
6 V. pubescens Ph. Lvs. ovate, acuminate, coarsely dentate-serrate, straight veined, villous beneath and somewhat hairy above, on short stalks; stip. 2, subulate; cymes pedunculate, smoothish; fr. oblong. - In dry, rocky woods and thickets, Can. to Ga. A shrub about 6f high. Lvs. each with a pair of short, hairy, subulate appendages (stipular?) at the base of the very short petiole. Cymes small, low-flowered. Fls. rather larger than those of the foregoing species, white. Fr. nearly black. Jn.