This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
The habitat of this plant is woods and plantations. The stem is tall. The plant is not stoloniferous. The radical leaves are long, bristlelike, densely tufted. The stem-leaves are flat. The panicle is long, loose. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is woods in hilly and mountainous districts. The habit is the grass habit. The root is fibrous, the stolons sheathed. The stem is stiffly erect, smooth, rounded, sheathed below, the sheaths tufted; acute, broad, smooth, overlapping, the lower loose. The leaves are broad, green, with a rough edge. The ligules of the upper sheaths are long. The panicle is spreading, open, nodding, branched, erect, with branches one side of the stalk. The rachis is long, slender, rough. The 3-5 flowering glumes are acute, rough, without an awn. The top of the ovary is hairy. The spikelets are egg-shaped, flat, pale yellow-green, the empty glumes linear to awl-like. The plant is 2-3 ft. high, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is copses, woods, hedges, and hedgerows. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The stems are erect, very slender, rounded, inclined, leafy, solitary or 2-3 from the same root. The leaves are broad, flat, hairy, bright-green, linear-lance-shaped, limp, fringed with hairs. The sheaths are hairy, round. The ligule is short, blunt, torn, or notched. The spike is drooping, with a flattened rachis, smooth and slender. The spikelets are rounded, alternate, in two rows, linear, appressed, hairy or smooth, green. The empty glumes are 3-5 -nerved, the flowering glumes 8-10, linear-oblong, the tip long and narrow, awned, the awn as long as the glume, those of the upper flowers longer than the hairy palea. The plant is 1-3 ft. High, flowering in June, July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this grass is woods, shady places, hedges, banks, and waste places. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The stems are bright-green, erect, slender. The leaves are flat, rough both sides, ribbed, slender on the upper surface. The spike is slender, wavy, close, nodding. The spikelets are slender, green, 2-5-flowered, with 3-5 ribs, with a short stalk, downy or smooth. The 2 empty glumes are rough, shortly awned, the awn long and rough, 3-nerved, firm, the flowering glumes linear-lance-shaped, 5-nerved at the tip, the awn rough, longer or shorter than the palea. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering in June till August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this species is woods, thickets, copses. The plant has the grass habit. The plant is bright-green. The stems are rigid, erect, smooth. The leaves are broad, flat, thin, rough. The sheaths are hairy with bent-back hairs. The ligule is very short. The spike is nearly rounded, rough, rigid, erect, green. The spikelets are erect, nearly stalkless. sometimes with a second flower. The glumes are awl-like, rough, not fringed with hairs. The lateral flowers are perfect, the middle male. The flowering glumes are linear to oblong, rough, shorter than the awn, which is straight and wavy, nerved. The empty glumes are long-awned, awl-like, rough. The fruit is narrow. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.