This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
The habitat of this plant is woods and copses. The habit is lily-like. The bulb is egg-shaped. The aerial stem is a tall, stout scape. The leaves wither before the stalk appears, and are vernal, hollow above, bluish-green, linear.
The bracts are awl-like. The flowers are numer-.ous, in a long-, narrow, spiked raceme. The flower-stalks are spreading- at first, then erect. The perianth-segments are narrow to oblong, variable in length, green, the margins white inside. The anther-stalks are swollen below to the middle, long-pointed. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is copses, shrubberies, orchards, fields, and waste places. The leaves are linear, lance-shaped, broad, bluish-green, with a white stripe, grooved. The scape is as long as the leaves. The bracts are long and slender. The flowers are white, few, drooping (hence nutans), in a loose raceme. The flower-stalks are curved, shorter than the bracts. The perianth is broad, with lance-shaped segments, green externally. The anther-stalks are broadly swollen upwards, 3-lobed, flat, membranous, the lateral points acute, the middle short, bearing the anther. The capsule is pendulous, egg-shaped, green, and fleshy. The plant is 9-12 in. high, flowering in April and May, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is woods and copses. The habit is lily-like. The stem is downy, rough, rounded. The leaves are stalked, inversely egg-shaped to lance-shaped, in whorls of 6-8, the upper linear, acute. The flowers are in an erect raceme, drooping, sweet-scented at night. The bracts are green, linear to lance-shaped. The perianth-segments are flesh-coloured to purple, bent back, oblong, with dark, raised papillae. The honey-gland has thick, raised borders. The plant is 1- 1 1/2 ft. high, flowering from June to September, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this lily is hedgebanks. The habit is as in the last. The leaves are scattered, linear, lance-shaped. The flowers are yellow, with black dots below, nodding. The perianth is turned back, and the segments linear lance-shaped, yellow. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is woods, thickets, pastures. The habit is lily-like. The stem is angular, not as long as the leaf. The bulb is solitary, small, egg-shaped or nearly round, with basal bulbils. The radical leaf is linear lance-shaped, ribbed, flat. The scape is short. There are 1-3 bracts, 2 opposite, 1 exceeding the flowers. The sheath is slender. The flowers are yellow, in an umbel. The perianth-segments are linear-oblong, blunt, thin, yellow-green at the back. The flower opens only in the middle of the day. The capsule is membranous, the seeds numerous. The plant is 6-10 in. high, flowering in March till May, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is damp woods. The habit is erect. The rootstock is white, creeping. The stem is round, leafy above, with a sheath below. The leaves are egg-shaped to oblong, or inversely egg-shaped, 4 as a rule when the flowers are in 4's, or more when the segments are more, 3-5-nerved. The flowers are solitary, stalked, erect. The sepals are lance-shaped, green, with a long point, as long as the yellow awl-like petals. The connective is produced. The fruit is a black berry, which bursts irregularly. The seeds are black. The plant is 6-12 in. high, flowering in May, and is a herbaceous perennial.