Family, Orchis. Color, crimson and white. Leaves, 2, large, the largest 4 inches wide, 8 inches long, oblong or ovate, fleshy, shiny above, clammy, with smooth, wavy margins, arising from near the base of the stem. A low orchid, from fibrous roots, bearing a single flower - scape, with 3 or 4 rather large flowers, 1 inch long, at the summit. The Up is white, prolonged backward into a blunt spur, not notched or divided. The other petals and sepals lightly unite, forming a queer, pointed little hood or galea, which is dark, rich crimson, with a tinge of purple, in color. Capsules, 1 inch long. Height of plant, 6 or 7 inches. April to June.
Showy orchis (Orchis spectabilis)
Rich woods, New England south to Georgia, westward to Nebraska, and in the mountains of Virginia, where it may be found 4,000 feet high. In parts of Pennsylvania this orchis bears the name of preacher-in-the-pulpit. (See illustration, p. 247.)
0, rotundifolia.. - Color of sepals and petals deep pink, except the lip, which is white, spotted with purple. One roundish or oval leaf is borne near the base of the stem, with 1 or 2 sheathing scales below. Flowers, several, in a spike, at the end of a stem 8 to 10 inches high, from a creeping rootstock. May and June.