Stamens inserted in several rows. Flowers purple or red. Otherwise as in the family. [Greek, cup-flower.]

The genus comprises 4 species, one additional to those here described occurring on the Pacific Coast, and one in Alabama. Chimonanthus Lindl. of Japan and China comprises 2 species with yellow flowers smaller than those of Calycanthus. The species are called sweet-scented shrub and Carolina allspice. Type species: Calycanthus floridus L.

Leaves pubescent beneath; flowers fragrant.


C. floridus.

Leaves green, often glaucous beneath, smooth or rough above; flowers not fragrant.


C. fertilis.

1 Calycanthus L Syst Ed 10 1066 1759 Butn ria Duha 307

1. Calycanthus Flóridus L. Hairy Strawberry-Shrub

Fig. 1965

Calycanthus floridus L. Syst. Ed. 10, 1066. 1759. Buettneria florida Kearney, Bull. Torr. Club 21: 175. 1894.

A branching shrub, 2°-9° high, the branchlets and petioles pubescent. Leaves ovate or oval, acute or obtuse, narrowed at the base, soft-downy or pubescent beneath, rough above; flowers dark purple, about 1' broad, with a strong odor of strawberries when crushed; sepals and petals linear or oblong, pubescent, acutish or blunt, 6"-10" long; fruit obo-void or oblong; seeds about 5" long.

In rich soil, Virginia and North Carolina to Florida, Alabama and Mississippi. Freely planted for ornament. Spice-bush. Sweet shrub. Sweet bubby or betties. Strawberry-bush. April-Aug.

2. Calycanthus Fértilis Walt. Smooth Strawberry-Shrub

Fig. 1966

Calycanthus fertilis Walt. Fl. Car. 151. 1788. Calycanthus laevigatus Willd. Enum. 559. 1809. Calycanthus glaucus Willd. Enum. 559. 1809. Buettneria fertilis Kearney, Bull. Torr. Club 21: 175. 1894.

A branching shrub, 4°-9° high, the branchlets and petioles glabrous or nearly so. Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, rough and dark green above, glaucous and sometimes slightly pubescent beneath or bright green and smooth on both sides; sepals and petals linear or linear-lanceolate, acute, 15" long or less; flowers greenish-purple, inodorous or nearly so.

In rich woods, Pennsylvania to North Carolina, east Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama, along the mountains. March-Aug. Occasional in cultivation. Fruit reputed to be poisonous to sheep. Bubby-bush. Sweet shrub.

2 Calycanthus F Rtilis Walt Smooth Strawberry Shru 308