This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Stamens inserted in several rows. Flowers purple or red. Otherwise as in the family. [Greek, cup-flower.]
The genus comprises 4 species, one additional to those here described occurring on the Pacific Coast, and one in Alabama. Chimonanthus Lindl. of Japan and China comprises 2 species with yellow flowers smaller than those of Calycanthus. The species are called sweet-scented shrub and Carolina allspice. Type species: Calycanthus floridus L.
A branching shrub, 2°-9° high, the branchlets and petioles pubescent. Leaves ovate or oval, acute or obtuse, narrowed at the base, soft-downy or pubescent beneath, rough above; flowers dark purple, about 1' broad, with a strong odor of strawberries when crushed; sepals and petals linear or oblong, pubescent, acutish or blunt, 6"-10" long; fruit obo-void or oblong; seeds about 5" long.
In rich soil, Virginia and North Carolina to Florida, Alabama and Mississippi. Freely planted for ornament. Spice-bush. Sweet shrub. Sweet bubby or betties. Strawberry-bush. April-Aug.
A branching shrub, 4°-9° high, the branchlets and petioles glabrous or nearly so. Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, rough and dark green above, glaucous and sometimes slightly pubescent beneath or bright green and smooth on both sides; sepals and petals linear or linear-lanceolate, acute, 15" long or less; flowers greenish-purple, inodorous or nearly so.
In rich woods, Pennsylvania to North Carolina, east Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama, along the mountains. March-Aug. Occasional in cultivation. Fruit reputed to be poisonous to sheep. Bubby-bush. Sweet shrub.