Shrubs, mostly tall, with alternate petioled entire or serrulate, in our species persistent leaves, and small usually white bracted flowers in axillary racemes, the bracts persistent. Sepals 5, distinct, imbricated, at least in the bud. Corolla cylindric or ovoid-urceolate, 5-toothed. Stamens 10, included; filaments subulate; anthers attached to the filaments near their bases, oblong, the sacs opening by terminal pores, obtuse, 2-mucronate, awnless. Disk 10-lobed. Ovary 5-celled; style slender; stigma 5-lobed; ovules numerous. Capsule depressed-globose, often 5-lobed, loculicidally 5-valved, the valves membranous, entire. Seeds numerous, minute, pendulous or spreading. [Name of a daughter of a Babylonian king.]

About 30 species, natives of North and South America and eastern Asia. Besides the following, 2 others occur in the southeastern States and one in California. Type species: LeucothoŽ axillaris (Lam.) D. Don.

Shoots puberulent; petioles 2"-4" long; sepals imbricated in flower.


L. axillaris.

Shoots glabrous; petioles 4"-8" long; sepals not imbricated in flower.


L. Catesbaei.

14 Leucothoe D Don Edinb New Phil Journ 17 159 183 1579

1. LeucothoŽ Axillŗris (Lam.) D. Don. Downy Leucothoe

Fig. 3237

Andromeda axillaris Lam. Encycl. 1: 157. 1783.

LeucothoŽ axillaris D. Don, Edinb. New Phil. Journ. 17: 159. 1834.

A shrub, 2°-5° high, the twigs puberulent, at least when young. Leaves coriaceous, evergreen, oval to oblong-lanceolate, glabrous and dark green above, paler and sparsely beset with minute hairs beneath, acute or acuminate at the apex, narrowed or rarely rounded at the base, serrulate. at least near the apex, 2'-6' long, 1/2'-1 1/2' wide; petioles usually pubescent, 2"-4" long; racemes many-flowered, dense, catkin-like when expanding, sessile in the axils of the persistent leaves; bracts ovate, concave, persistent, borne near the base of the short pedicels; sepals broadly ovate, obtuse, imbricated even when expanded; corolla nearly cylindric, about 3" long; stigma depressed, 5-rayed.

In moist woods, Virginia to Florida and Alabama, near the coast. April.

2. LeucothoŽ Catesbaei (Walt.) A. Gray. Catesby's LeucothoŽ

Fig. 3238

Andromeda Catesbaei Walt. Fl. Car. 137. 1788. Andromeda spinulosa Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 293. 1814. L. spinulosa G. Don, Gard. Dict. 3: 832. 1834. LeucothoŽ Catesbaei A. Gray, Man. Ed. 2, 252. 1856.

A shrub, 3°-6° high, similar to the preceding species, the twigs glabrous. Leaves lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, coriaceous and evergreen, acuminate at the apex, mostly rounded at the base, sharply serrulate with bristle-pointed teeth nearly all around, 3'-6' long, 9"-18" wide; petioles 4"-8" long; racemes dense, axillary, many-flowered, catkin-like when expanding; bracts persistent, borne at the bases of the short petioles; sepals ovate or ovate-oblong, not at all or scarcely imbricated when the flower is expanded; corolla narrowly cylindric, about 2 1/2" long; capsule depressed, strongly 5-lobcd, about 2" in diameter.

Along streams, Virginia to Tennessee and Georgia. April. Dog-hobble. Dog-laurel.

2 Leucotho Catesbaei Walt A Gray Catesby s Leucoth 1580

15. EŔBOTRYS Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. II. 8: 269. 1843.

Shrubs with broad deciduous serrulate leaves, and small white short-pedicelled bracted flowers in dense 1-sided racemes, lateral or terminating the twigs, the bracts deciduous, the calyx 2-bracteolate, the pedicels jointed with the rachis. Sepals 5, rigid, imbricated. Corolla nearly cylindric, 5-toothed, the teeth recurved. Stamens 10, included; filaments flat, narrowed above; anthers oblong, each sac 1-awned or 2-awned. Style slender, long; stigma capitate, truncate. Capsule depressed-globose, 5-celled, 5-valved. Seeds numerous, angular and flattened or winged. [Greek, referring to the racemose inflorescence.]

Only the following species, natives of eastern North America. Type species: Eubotrys racemosa (L.) Nutt.

Racemes recurved; capsule 5-lobed;; anther-sacs 1-awned.


E. recurva.

Racemes erect or spreading; capsule not lobed; anther-sacs 2-awned.


E. racemosa.