2. Grossularia MissouriÚnsis (Nutt.) Cov. & Britt. Missouri Gooseberry

Fig. 2206

Ribes gracile Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 165. 1814. Not Michx. Ribes missouriensis Nutt.; T. & G. Fl. N. A. 1: 548.

1840. Grossularia missouriensis Cov. & Britt. N. A. Fl. 22:

221. 1908.

Nodal spines slender, solitary, or 2-3 together, reddish, 3"-8" long or more. Prickles generally few or none; leaves slender-petioled, somewhat pubescent when young, orbicular or broader, 9"-18" wide, truncate, slightly cordate, or sometimes obtuse at the base, 3-5-lobed, the lobes rather blunt, dentate; pedicels very slender, 4"-6" long; flowers white or greenish tinged, drooping, 6"-9" long; calyx-tube narrow, shorter than the linear lobes; stamens connivent or parallel, much ex-serted; berry brown to purple, 5"-7" in diameter.

In dry or rocky soil, Illinois to Minnesota, South Dakota, Kansas and Tennessee. Slender or Illinois gooseberry. May.

3. Grossularia Set˛sa (Lindl.) Cov. & Britt. Bristly Gooseberry

Fig. 2207

Ribes setosum Lindl. Trans. Hort. Soc. 7: 243. 1830.

Grossularia setosa Cov. & Britt. N. A. Fl. 22: 222. 1908.

Nodal spines 10" long or less, spreading, sometimes none. Bristles usually numerous, scattered; leaves slender-petioled, more or less pubescent, at least when young, 1 1/2' in width or less, broadly ovate or orbicular, 3-5-lobed, the lobes incised-dentate; flowers 1-4, white, 3"-5" long; calyx-tube cylindric, longer than the oblong lobes; stamens not exserted; fruit red to black, sparingly bristly, or often glabrous.

On lake shores, and in thickets, western Ontario and Manitoba to Assiniboia, Nebraska and Wyoming. May.

3 Grossularia Set Sa Lindl Cov Britt Bristly Goose 5493 Grossularia Set Sa Lindl Cov Britt Bristly Goose 550

4. Grossularia Oxyacanthoides (L.) Mill. Hawthorn Or Northern Gooseberry

Fig. 2208

Ribes oxyacanthoides L. Sp. Pl. 201. 1753. Grossularia oxyacanthoides Mill. Gard. Dict. Ed. 8, No. 4. 1768.

Nodal spines generally solitary, light colored, 3"-6" long, sometimes none. Prickles scattered or wanting; leaves suborbicular, the lobes obtuse or acute; petioles and lower leaf-surfaces commonly pubescent; peduncles short, commonly less than 6" long; flowers 1-3, short-pedicelled, greenish-purple or white, about 3"-4" long; calyx-lobes oblong; stamens short, not exserted; berry globose or globose-ovoid, glabrous, 4"-6" in diameter, reddish-purple when ripe.

In wet woods and low grounds, Newfoundland to Hudson Bay, Yukon, British Columbia, Michigan, North Dakota and Montana. Smooth gooseberry. May-July.

5. Grossularia Reclinata (L.) Mill Garden Gooseberry

Fig. 2209

Ribes reclinatum L. Sp. Pl. 201. 1753.

Ribes Uva-crispa L. Sp. Pl. 201. 1753.

Ribes Grossularia L. Sp. Pl. 201. 1753.

G. reclinata Mill. Gard. Dict. Ed. 8, No. 4. 1768.

Nodal spines stout, spreading or reflexed, usually 3 together but sometimes solitary or 2. Prickles scattered or none; leaves rather short-petioled, orbicular or broader, pubescent, at least when young, 3/4'-2 1/2' wide, 3-5-lobed, the lobes obtuse and crenate-dentate; peduncles very short, 1-flowered or sometimes 2-flowered. glandular-pubescent; flowers green, about 3" long; calyx-tube campanulate, pubescent, its lobes oval; stamens somewhat exserted, or included; fruit globose-ovoid, or often with weak bristles, often 1' long in cultivation.

Along roadsides in eastern New Jersey and southeastern New York, escaped from gardens. Native of Europe and Asia. Teaberry. Fea- or fay-berry. Berry-tree. Carberry. Dayberry. Wine-berry. Fabes. Honey-blobs. Goggles. Gaskins. May.

5 Grossularia Reclinata L Mill Garden Gooseberry 5515 Grossularia Reclinata L Mill Garden Gooseberry 552