4. Phlox Ovata L. Mountain Phlox

Fig. 3457

Phlox ovata L. Sp. Pl. 152. 1753.

Phlox Carolina L. Sp. Pl. Ed. 2, 216. 1762.

Glabrous or nearly so throughout; stems simple, slender, ascending from a decumbent base, 1°-2° hisrh. Leaves rather firm, the upper ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sessile by a rounded or sub-cordate base, acute at the apex, 1'-2' long, the lower and basal ones longer, oblong or ovate-oblong, acute at both ends, narrowed into slender often margined petioles; flowers short-pedicelled in corymbed or sometimes simple cymes; calyx-teeth lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, acute, or acuminate, one-third to one-half the length of the tube; corolla pink or red, its lobes obovate, rounded, entire.

In woods, Pennsylvania to North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama, mostly in the mountains. May-Aug.

5. Phlox Glaberrima L. Smooth Phlox

Fig. 3458

Phlox glaberrima L. Sp. Pl. 152. 1753.

Glabrous or nearly so throughout; stem simple, slender, erect or ascending, 1°-3° high. Leaves lanceolate or linear, rather firm, mostly 1-nerved, acuminate at the apex, narrowed at the base, 1 1/2'- 4' long, 2"-6" wide, sessile, or the lowest linear or oblong, obtusish, shorter, and short-petioled; flowers short-pedicelled, the cymules corymbed; calyx-teeth subulate-lanceolate, one-third to one-half the length of the tube; corolla commonly pink, its lobes obo-vate, rounded or obcordate, longer than the tube.

In open woods and on prairies, Virginia to Illinois, Wisconsin, Florida, Mississippi, Missouri and Arkansas. Ascends to 2200 ft. in Virginia. May-July.

5 Phlox Glaberrima L Smooth Phlox 1295 Phlox Glaberrima L Smooth Phlox 130

6. Phlox Pilosa L. Downy Or Prairie Phlox

Fig. 3459

Phlox pilosa L. Sp. Pl. 152. 1753.

Soft downy or hairy, often glandular; stem erect or ascending, simple or branched, slender, 1°-2° high. Leaves linear or lanceolate, spreading or divaricate, long-acuminate, 1'- 4' long, 1 1/2"-4" wide, sessile, the base narrowed or rounded; cymules corymbed; flowers short-pedlcelled; calyx glandular, viscid, its teeth setaceous-subulate, longer than the tube; corolla pink, purple or white, its lobes obovate, entire, the tube usually pubescent; capsule shorter than the calyx.

In dry soil, Ontario to Manitoba, Connecticut, New Jersey, Florida, Arkansas and Texas. Hairy phlox. Sweet-william. April-June.

Phlox argillacea Gute & Ferriss is a recently described relative or race of this species, growing on prairies in Indiana and Illinois.

7. Phlox Amoena Sims. Hairy Phlox

Fig. 3460

Phlox amoena Sims, Bot. Mag. pl. 1308. 1810.

Usually quite hairy; stems simple, slender, ascending, 6'-18' high. Leaves linear-oblong to ovate-oblong, sessile, acute or obtuse at the apex, mostly narrowed at the base, nearly erect, 1/2-2' long, 1 1/2-2 1/2" wide, the lowest much shorter; flowers very nearly sessile in a dense terminal simple or somewhat compound cyme, which is subtended by the uppermost pair of leaves; calyx hirsute, its teeth subulate, as long as or shorter than the tube; corolla pink or white, its lobes obovate, entire or rarely emarginate, shorter than the glabrous tube.

In dry soil, Virginia to Kentucky, Tennessee, Florida and Alabama. April-June.

7 Phlox Amoena Sims Hairy Phlox 1317 Phlox Amoena Sims Hairy Phlox 132