6. Lithospermum Canescens (Michx.) Lehm. Hoary Puccoon

Fig. 3540

Batschia canescens Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 130. pl.

14- 1803. Lithospermum canescens Lehm. Asperif. 305. 1818.

Perennial, hirsute, somewhat canescent, at least when young; stems solitary or clustered, simple or often branched, 6-18' high. Leaves oblong, linear-oblong, or linear, obtuse or acutish at the apex, sessile by a narrowed base, 1/2' -1 1/2' long, 2"- 5" wide, the lowest often reduced to appressed scales; flowers about 6" long, sessile, numerous in dense short leafy racemes, dimorphous; calyx-segments linear-lanceolate, shorter than the tube of the orange-yellow salverform corolla; corolla crested in the throat, its lobes rounded, entire, its tube glandular but not bearded at the base within; nutlets white, smooth, shining, acutish, shorter than the calyx-segments.

In dry soil, Ontario to western New Jersey and Alabama, Saskatchewan, North Dakota and Texas. April-June.

7. Lithospermum Linearifolium Goldie. Narrow-Leaved Puccoon

Fig. 3541

L. angustifolium Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 130. 1803.

Not Forsk. L. linearifolium Goldie, Edinb. Phil. Journ. 1822:


Perennial by a deep root, strigose-pubescent and scabrous; stem branched, 6-2° high, the branches erect or ascending. Leaves linear, sessile, acute or acutish, 1/2-2' long, 1 1/2"- 2 1/2" wide; flowers of two kinds, in terminal leafy racemes; corolla of the earlier ones salverform, about 1' long, bright yellow, the tube 3-5-times as long as the linear-lanceolate calyx-segments, the lobes erose-dentic-ulate, the throat crested, the base of the tube not bearded within; later flowers (sometimes all of them) much smaller, pale yellow, cleistogamous, abundantly fertile, their pedicels recurved in fruit; nutlets white, smooth, shining, ovoid, 1 1/2"-2" high, more or less pitted, keeled on the inner side.

In dry soil, especially on prairies, Ontario and Indiana to Illinois, Kansas and Texas, west to British Columbia, Utah and Arizona. Yellow puccoon. April-July.

7 Lithospermum Linearifolium Goldie Narrow Leaved  212