2. Chrysopsis Falcata (Pursh) Ell. Sickle-Leaved Golden Aster

Fig. 4196

Inula falcata Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 532. 1814. Chrysopsis falcata Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 336. 1824.

Corymbosely branched above, rather stiff, 4'-12' high, leafy to the top, very woolly-pubescent, at least when young, or becoming glabrate. Leaves linear, rigid, spreading, sometimes curved, 1'-4' long, 1"-3" wide, obscurely parallel-nerved; heads rather few, corymbose, 3"-5" broad, terminating the branches; involucre campanulate, its bracts slightly pubescent; achenes linear.

In sandy soil, eastern Massachusetts to New Jersey. Ground gold-flower. July-Aug.

3. Chrysopsis Gossypina (Michx.) Ell. Cottony Golden Aster

Fig. 4197

Erigeron pilosum Walt. Fl. Car. 206.

1788. Inula gossypina Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2:

122. 1803. /. gossypina Nutt. Gen. 2: 150. 1818. C. gossypina Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 337.

1824. Chrysopsis pilosa Britton, Mem. Torr.

Club 5: 316. 1894. Not Nutt.

Stout, 1°-2° high, branched above, densely woolly-pubescent all over. Leaves spatulate or oblong, obtuse, the lower and basal ones 1'-3' long, 3"-5" wide, the uppermost much smaller; heads usually nearly 1' broad, terminating the branches, bright yellow; involucre hemispheric, its bracts densely pubescent when young, becoming glabrate; achenes obovate.

In pine-barrens, Virginia to Florida and Alabama. Autumn.

3 Chrysopsis Gossypina Michx Ell Cottony Golden As 8683 Chrysopsis Gossypina Michx Ell Cottony Golden As 869

4. Chrysopsis Mariana (L.) Ell. Maryland Golden Aster

Fig. 4198

Inula mariana L. Sp. Pl. Ed. 2, 1240.

1763-I. mariana Nutt. Gen. 2: 151. 1818. C. mariana Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 335.


Stout, 1°-21/2° high, loosely villous-pubescent with silky hairs when young, at length nearly glabrous, corymbosely branched at the summit. Upper leaves oblong, or lanceolate, acutish or obtuse, sessile, 1'-2' long, the lower oblanceolate or spatu-late and narrowed into a petiole, generally obtuse, 2'-4' long and sometimes 1' wide; heads commonly numerous, 9"-12" broad, on glandular peduncles; involucre hemispheric, its bracts glandular, acute, viscid-pubescent; achenes obovate.

In dry soil, southern New York and Pennsylvania to Tennessee, Florida and Louisiana. Aug.-Sept. Golden-star.

5. Chrysopsis Villosa (Pursh) Nutt. Hairy Golden Aster

Fig. 4199

Amellus villosus Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 564. 1814.

Inula villosa Nutt. Gen. 2: 151. 1818.

C. villosa 'Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. II. 7:

316. 1841. C. foliosa Nutt. loc. cit. 316. 1841. Chrysopsis camporum Greene, Pittonia 3: 88.


Stem villous or strigose-pubescent, 1°-2° high. Leaves oblong, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, obtuse or acutish, 1'-2' long, 2"-5" wide, the upper sessile, the lower narrowed into a petiole, pale, persistently canescent with appressed hairs; heads rather few, 1' broad or more, terminating the short branches; rays oblong-linear, golden yellow; involucre hemispheric, its bracts 4"-5" high, linear-subulate, pubescent and often ciliate; achenes obovate, 3-5-nerved.

In dry soil, Minnesota and Illinois to Alabama, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nebraska and New Mexico. July-Aug. Rosin-wood.

5 Chrysopsis Villosa Pursh Nutt Hairy Golden Aster 8705 Chrysopsis Villosa Pursh Nutt Hairy Golden Aster 871

6. Chrysopsis Stenophylla (A. Gray) Greene. Stiff-Leaved Golden Aster

Fig. 4200

Chrysopsis villosa var. stenophylla A. Gray, Syn. Fl. 1: Part 2, 123. 1884. C. stenophylla Greene, Erythea 2: 96. 1894. C. angustifolia Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 37: 128.


Low, slender, hirsute or rough-pubescent, 6'-10' high. Leaves linear or slightly broadened above, densely canescent and ciliate, acutish, 9"-15" long, 1"-2" wide, the margins revolute in drying; involucre hemispheric or broadly campanulate. its bracts pubescent or the outer densely ciliate; heads few, 6"-10" broad.

In dry soil, Missouri and Nebraska to Arkansas and Texas. Aug.-Sept.

7. Chrysopsis Hispida (Hook.) Nutt. Hispid Golden Aster

Fig. 4201

Diplopappus hispidus Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 22. 1834. Chrysopsis hispidus Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (II.) 7:

316. 1841. Chrysopsis villosa var. hispida A. Gray, Syn. Fl. 1: Part 2, 123. 1884.

Lower than C. villosa, stem rarely over 1° high, with spreading, sparse or copious, hirsute or hispid pubescence, sometimes viscid. Leaves spatulate to oblong, entire, spreading, 9"-18" long, obtuse at the apex, narrowed at the base, often into petioles half as long as the blade or more; heads smaller, often more numerous; involucre not over 4" high, its bracts lanceolate, hirsute; achenes 3-5-nerved.

In dry soil, Manitoba to Idaho, Kansas, Texas and Arizona. Consists of several races, differing in size, pubescence and leaf-form. July-Sept.

7 Chrysopsis Hispida Hook Nutt Hispid Golden Aster 8727 Chrysopsis Hispida Hook Nutt Hispid Golden Aster 873

8. Chrysopsis Pilosa Nutt. Nuttall's Golden Aster

Fig. 4202

Chrysopsis pilosa Nutt. Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 7:

66. 1834. C. Nuttallii Britton, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 316. 1894.

Pilose-pubescent with soft hairs and minutely glandular, 1°-2° high, branched above. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, mostly acute, l'-21/2' long, 2"-5" wide, entire, or the lower serrate or even incised; heads few, 8"-12" broad, terminating the branches; involucre hemispheric, its bracts glandular-viscid; achenes obovate, 10-nerved.

In dry soil, Missouri and Kansas to Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas. July-Sept.