This section is from the book "A Treatise On Beverages or The Complete Practical Bottler", by Charles Herman Sulz. Also available from Amazon: A Treatise On Beverages.
Various methods may be adopted for washing bottles and economizing labor, but it is necessary that each be speedy and efficacious, a clean bottle being a most important necessity. We shall show several systems : in all it is absolutely imperative that the bottles be soaked in hot water, softened by the addition of some soda or potash, to remove old labels and also to soften the fungus or dirt inside; the bottle must then be brushed out by the revolving brush, and at the same time the outside cleaned by the operator rubbing his hands over it.
The next operation is placing the bottle on the rinser; the water being turned on by means of the cock, when it rushes with great force against the inside of the bottles, which can now be taken off, and should be packed in boxes, neck downwards, to drain; or they may be drained first, by placing them in holes in a tray on top of trough, and then laid in boxes for filling or may be left a few minutes on the rinser to drain.
Fig. 263. - Quick Heating Apparatus and Bottle Washing Arrangement.
The above illustration shows a plant for practical bottle washing with lot water.
This is Thos. W. Weathered's arrangement, which we have described already under "Purification of Water," and refer thereto. It is a practical one; however, we suggest to apply the revolving brush and the rinser in conjunction to insure effectiveness, and to have special regard to the temperature of the bottles and water.
Various machines for bottle washing and rinsing are offered to the trade, for hand or steam power, all doing the work more or less effectively, and these appliances are necessary in a bottling establishment, bottle-washing entirely by hand being insufficient, imperfect and too troublesome and time-wasting. We annex a few illustrations of the familar devices.
Fig. 264. - Lightning Bottle Washer.
Figs. 264 and 266. - These are familiar machines among American bottlers, and for quick and effective work all that can be desired. They are run by steam power, the cleansing brush revolving with lightning rapidity and automatically cleansing the bottle. The machines are substantially built.
Fig. 265. - Bottle Washing Trough with Brush Washer.
The wheel shown in Fig. 267 is a very efficacious method of soaking, having the advantage of keeping the bottles from contact, and thus saves starring and breaking. It consists of a large wooden rack, in the form of a wheel, suspended in centre in a trough of water like a grindstone. The dirty bottles are placed in the rack as shown at the left, and after passing through the water are taken out on the other side to be brushed and rinsed, the weight of the bottles that are put in carrying them down into the water as the others are removed; thus the wheel is kept revolving slowly, without any exertion in working a lever, etc. The trough in which the wheel revolves should be supplied with cold water, and a steam pipe from the boiler, obtaining hot water,(or steam). The wheels can be arranged in various ways to suit the requirements of each class of building, or the convenience of the bottler. This bottle-washing apparatus (Fig. 267), Wilson's patent, is made by the English manufacturers.
Fig. 266.- Goulding Bottle Washer.
The machine, Fig. 268 (manufactured by Wittemann Bros., New York), can be arranged either for belt, foot or hand power. It is made with or without automatic water spray.
This rinser and washer, Fig. 269 (manufactured by the same firm), is also in two parts; one of them may be used at a time. The brushinghead may be fixed either in the centre or at either end of board. The same 24 firm are manufacturers of this practical rinsing device (Fig. 270), the self-closing rinsing spout. By its use clean water is brought to every bottle without wasting any. It is connected with watermain.
Fig. 267. - Continuous Steeping and Soaking Wheel.
Fig. 268. - Brush Washer.
These reservoir rinsers (Fig. 271) are made in sections of 12 spouts, fitted to reservoirs, any number of which can be attached to a water-main. A wooden cover serves as bottle-holder.
The bottle-washing and rinsing machines can be used in towns that have water works, or the pressure furnished by a pump with hot or cold water, These machines avoid the slow and troublesome method of shaking the bottles by hand, cleansing them quickly and effectively.
Fig. 269. - Rinser and Washer.
Fig. 270.- Self-closing Rinsing Spout.
The rinsing machines will also rinse the wire spring stoppers; a special washing machine with revolving brush for them has not yet been invented.
This illustration (Fig. 272) represents a practical device of bottlewashing machines for foot power, and its employment is recommended where no water pressure is available. It is manufactured by Wittemann Bros.,New York.
Fig. 271. - Reservoir Rinser.