This section is from the book "The Manufacture Of Liquors, Wines, And Cordials, Without The Aid Of Distillation", by Pierre Lacour. Also available from Amazon: Manufacture of Liquors, Wines, and Cordials, Without the Aid of Distillation.
Neutral spirit, four gallons; honey, five pints; water, to dissolve, three quarts; Jamaica rum, one gallon; sulphuric acid, one ounce; butyric ether, two ounces; tincture of cochineal, three ounces; burnt sugar, two ounces.
Neutral spirit, four gallons; three pounds of sugar, dissolved in water, two pints; Strasburg turpentine, four drops; oil of juniper, twelve drops; dissolve them both in alcohol, and add one half ounce of spirit of orris root.
The preceding formulas will furnish as pure liquors as those obtained by distillation, and of the proper and natural strength. It will be seen that at the prices these liquors are made, any one desirous of it, can keep a choice selection of staple liquors at comparatively low costs. The neutral spirit is the most valuable constituent. Those who are desirous of manufacturing on a small scale, will find that from a barrel of neutral spirit, a choice lot of liquors can be made.
If any of the preceding liquors should appear to have too great a strength to the palate, they should be lowered by the addition of water.
As no establishment, where liquors are necessary, would be complete without a few choice cordials, a few receipts are offered.
Whiskey, two gallons; five pounds refined sugar; water, to dissolve, a gallon and a half; one drachm oil of aniseed, dissolved in one ounce of alcohol, or well rubbed up in dry sugar, and added; if this is for white anisette, fine with half an ounce of powdered alum; if it is for rose or pink anisette, color to suit taste.
Common rectified whiskey will answer in the above formula, or in any other in which a powerful aro matic is found necessary.
Common whiskey, five gallons; fresh orange peel, four pounds; oil of bitter almonds, one drachm; oil of cassia, one drachm; oil of lemon, two drachms; oil of cinnamon, fifty drops; water, five quarts, to dissolve refined sugar, sixteen pounds; tincture of cochineal, half a pint; burnt sugar, three ounces; allow the above to digest for five days; the whole of the oils should be dissolved in half a glass of alcohol, and mix well.
Proof whiskey, three gallons; six quarts of water, to dissolve; sugar, twelve pounds; oil of bergamot, and oil of cloves, of each one drachm; oil of cinnamon, five drops; two ounces nutmegs, bruised; one pound of orange peels; three ounces of bitter almonds, bruised; oil of lemon, one drachm; dissolve the oil in alcohol; color with cochineal and burnt sugar.