Wooden spoons are lighter than metal spoons and not so noisy, they do not scratch saucepans, they do not discolor the hand, they are nonconductors of heat.


1. Wooden utensils may become dented, rough, or darkened.

2. They are likely to be unsanitary and to take up odors because of improper cleaning.

3. If wood is not well seasoned, it cracks and splinters easily.

General care:

1. Fine sand is better than soap for scrubbing wood because the alkali in soap combines with wood to form a dark stain.

2. Never use hot water on wood.

3. Scrub wood with a circular motion, but rinse it and dry it with the grain in order to leave the fibers flat.

4. Rub steak planks thoroughly with some food oil, until the wood has absorbed all it will.

Special care:

1. To remove dents, put a wet pad of several thicknesses of cheese-cloth or muslin on the dent and cover it with a hot iron. The steam will raise the fibers of the wood much as it raises the pile of velvet.

2. To smooth away a rough place, rub it with steel wool, following the grain of the wood.

3. To restore the color of wood that has become darkened, use steel wool and weak hydrochloric acid.

Zinc or galvanized iron Advantages:

1. Zinc makes a good sanitary covering for table tops.

2. It does not become tarnished readily by action of the air.

3. It is rust-proof.


1. Zinc becomes tarnished by the action of damp air and is affected by salt, which prevents its lasting well on the seashore.

2. It is acted on by acids.

3. It cannot be used for cooking utensils because it is affected by both acids and alkalis.

General care:

Wash zinc with hot suds made of mild soap.

Special care:

1. Kerosene dissolves a film of grease and helps to remove inclosed dirt.

2. Bath brick may be used for food bins, in which case it would not be desirable to use kerosene.

3. Scour zinc with a paste made of kerosene and baking soda, and rinse it thoroughly with hot water.

4. Acids, such as vinegar, sulphuric acid in the proportion of one part of acid to twelve parts of water, or alum and acetic acid may be used to remove tarnish, but they eat into the zinc. The metal should be rinsed thoroughly with hot water. The tarnish is likely to appear soon again.