The verbena is a South American plant, which will bloom with us, in the open air, from May to November, its brilliant scarlet flowers having no superior for rich show. Endless varieties have been produced by cultivation, their tints running through every shade except blue and yellow. There are every shade of red, scarlet, crimson, purple, rose, etc.; also scarlet and purple, white with red eye, and various other pretty combinations.

The plant is a creeper, taking root freely wherever the stems come into contact with the ground. It is difficult to keep it through the winter, except in the house or conservatory, none of the roots being quite hardy enough to stand the wintry chill. Yet it continues to bloom after frost, and is one of the last lingering flowers of the fall. It can be easily reproduced from plants to be had at any greenhouse, and also from seed, which, if sown in May, will yield bloom in August. No plant surpasses the verbena for mass effect, when grown in beds cut out on lawns, where the brilliant flowers contrast finely with the green grass.

The petunia is another plant which blooms throughout the entire season, even after severe frosts. A bed of petunias will be profuse in flowers, varying widely in color and markings; some single, others double, occasionally as large and full as a rose. There are three classes, the grandi-flora, the small-flowered, and the double, the small-flowered being the most common. It is the latter that add so much to the beauty of our gardens by their great variety of hue.