V.-P. National Amateur Wrestling Association, Author of " Wrestling," "jiu Jitsu." Official Referee,
Olympic Games, 1908.
Number of Team - The Field - The Goal - The Stick
A hockey team is composed of eleven players, usually divided into five forwards, three half-backs, two backs, and a goalkeeper. This division is not, however, compulsory, but may be altered at the discretion of the captain. This player, by the way, is possessed of a peculiar responsibility - that of officiating as an umpire of the game, should the two officials whom the laws require fail to turn up, or their services be unobtainable.
The length of the ground must be 100 yards, and the maximum width 60 yards, the minimum 55 yards. Flag-posts mark the four corners of the ground, and also the centre line, which, as with the boundary lines outlining the field of play and the striking circle, must be chalked.
The field and the usual disposition of a team are shown in Fig. 1. The disposition is, however, by no means arbitrary, but no player after the game has started, and in all cases of bullying (explained later), except it be a penalty bully, must be in front of the ball.
In front of either goal there is marked on the turf in chalk a semicircle. This is the striking circle (Fig. 2), and it serves a very definite purpose, inas-much that except the ball be within this circle when struck or have glanced off a player's stick no goal is scored, even though the ball actually pass between the goal-posts and over the goal line. That is to say, a goal can only be scored when the ball is at rest or in play within the striking circle.
Fig. I. This diagram shows the plan of the field and the usual distribution of the team. The figure 1 represents the forwards, 2 the half-backs, 3 the backs, and 4 the goalkeepers.
The flags are indicated at the corners