Bran Water

Put one good handful of wheat bran in a saucepan over the fire, and cover it with I pint of cold water. After it has simmered half an hour strain through a cloth, and add to it I pint cold water, so that it may only be lukewarm when used for coloured fabrics.

Washing And Calendering Chintz

1. Wash, without rubbing, in warm soap lather.

2. Rinse in cold water, using salt and vinegar if necessary.

3. Dip into a solution of 2 teaspoonsful of powdered size to 1/2 pint of boiling water.

4. Squeeze out the chintz, and roll in a cloth till it is convenient to iron it.

5. Iron it on the right side till partly dry.

6. Glaze it with a polishing-iron on a hard surface.

Simple Method Of Washing Lace

1. Steep, if white and very soiled.

2. Wash in warm soap lather by rolling the lace between the hands.

3. Rinse in warm and then cold water.

4. If a pure white it should be blued.

5. If preferred, stiffen slightly in thin hot-water starch, gum water, or 1/2 pint water in which two or three lumps of sugar have been dissolved.

6. Pin wrong side upwards on a board covered with flannel, and, when nearly dry, iron the wrong side with a fairly cool iron.

Fine lace may be washed inside a bottle to prevent tearing and twisting.

Valuable old lace may be cleaned as follows : fold it, sprinkling dry powdered magnesia between each fold; leave it for some days, when the magnesia will be found to have absorbed much of the dirt. Cream-coloured lace should never be blued, or the colour will be spoilt.

Getting Up Black Lace

Method I

Mix 1/4 pint cold tea with 1 tablespoonful of gum water; dip the lace into this, squeeze it out, pin it on to a flannel-covered board wrong side upwards, and, when nearly dry, it should be ironed. Black veils may be freshened in this way.

Method II

Roll the lace evenly round a large bottle, and dip it into stout. Press out some of the moisture; leave the lace until dry, and then lightly iron the wrong side. The heat of the body, however, revives the smell of the stout, which is a drawback to this method.


If soiled, these may be renovated by a gentle sponging with water containing a little ammonia (2 teaspoonsful to 1/2 pint water). Spread lengthwise on a table, cover with a thin cloth, and iron until dry. The cloth prevents the glazed appearance which otherwise the ironing invariably produces.

To Whiten Straw Hats

Hats which have become tanned by sunshine may be whitened by being scrubbed with a nail-brush dipped in 1 teacup of lukewarm water, containing 1/2 teaspoonful of oxalic acid. To restore the glaze, when dry brush over with white of egg.

To Freshen Crape

Brush the material thoroughly, then wind it round and round a large bottle. Allow this to revolve before the spout of a kettle full of boiling water so as to become well steamed, and then dry in a warm place.

To Raise Velvet Pile

Should the pile of velvet or velveteen be crushed, sponge the back with ammonia and water, only slightly damping the material. Hold the velvet firmly out between the two hands while a helper passes a warm iron underneath on the wrong side; the steam thus produced raises the pile.

To Remove Creases

Iron carefully; but if this alone is not effectual, iron the crease with a cloth, slightly damped, placed between the iron and the creased fabric : the steam and pressure will remove the mark.