Gum Water - Chiffon - Cretonne - Art and Madras Muslin - Bran Water - Washing and calendering Chintz - Simple Method of washing Lace - Black Lace - Ribbons - To whiten Straw Hats - To Freshen Crape and Velvet - To remove Creases.

Washing And Ironing White Silk

1. If very soiled, steep in cold water for a short time.

2. Wash gently in lukewarm soap lather without rubbing.

3. Rinse in cold water.

4. Blue it if the silk is a pure white.

5. Stiffen in gum water, using 1 teaspoonful of gum water to \ pint cold water.

6. Squeeze out as much moisture as possible, and roll the silk in a cloth until ready for ironing.

7. Iron the right side under a cloth till partly dry, then without a cloth till quite dry.

8. Iron the wrong side.

9. Fold loosely without ironing the folds, and air.

If white silk is steeped long, or washed in hot water, it becomes yellow; if rubbed or wrung, the fibres become strained and twisted. Where the silk is bright, the ironing should be done on the right side; but if of a dull nature, the ironing should be on the wrong side.

Recipe For Gum Water

One ounce of the best gum arabic to 1/2 pint of boiling water.

Pour the water on the gum, stir occasionally till it is dissolved, then strain it through fine muslin, and keep in a bottle any length of time.

Coloured Silk

This is washed in the preceding way, only the steeping must be omitted, and the use of salt and vinegar resorted to if the colour runs.

Methylated spirit is often used to give a gloss to silk, in the proportion of 1 tablespoonful to 1 pint of cold water.

Washing Chiffon

Procure a wide-necked bottle, into which put some lukewarm soap lather and the chiffon, and shake until the water becomes soiled. When this occurs, change the water and shake until the chiffon no longer sullies the water. Rinse in cold water, and stiffen in cold water by using 2 teaspoonfuls of the prepared gum water to 1/4 pint of water. Squeeze out, and roll in a cloth till it can conveniently be ironed. As the gum water is apt to make the iron stick, iron the chiffon under a cloth until partly dry, then without a cloth till quite dry; ironing along the selvedges first.

Cretonne

1. If very dusty, shake in the open air.

2. Wash in lukewarm bran water without rubbing.

3. Rinse in bran water, using salt and vinegar in the proportion of 1 tablespoonful of each to 1 quart of water if the colour runs.

4. Wring tightly and roll up, with a fold of clean towel between each roll.

5. Iron the wrong side with a heavy hot iron until quite dry, to prevent the right side from having a shiny appearance.

Bran water absorbs colour, stiffens, and cleanses, so that no starching is necessary; and, unless the fabric is actually greasy, no soap lather will be needed.

Art muslin, Madras muslin, and coloured embroidery on a cream ground should all be treated like cretonne.