The Vaplamp

McDougall's small vaplamp is most convenient for a room of 1200 cubic feet space; it costs 1/-, and simply requires to be lighted in the airtight room.

Sulphur Fumes

Fumigating with sulphur, though still sometimes employed, no longer enjoys such a large vogue, and by many medical men its use is being discontinued. (See p. 48 for method of fumigating.)

Disadvantages

1. It bleaches wall-papers, paint, and materials.

2. It injures gilt frames and book-bindings.

3. It greatly irritates the throat and nose.

4. Its germicidal action cannot be absolutely relied upon, as it sometimes fails to penetrate the envelope of organic matter with which bacteria are usually surrounded.

Its use is solely for unoccupied rooms after an infectious illness, and takes the form of-

1. Sulphur fumes (1 1/2 lbs. of sulphur for a medium-sized room).

2. Sulphur candles, burning six hours.

3. Sulphur cakes.

Perchloride Of Mercury

This is thirty-seven times more powerful in its action than carbolic acid, but is a most deadly poison. It does not stain linen or irritate the skin, but injures gold, therefore all rings should be taken from the fingers. It is not advisable to use this disinfectant except under medical direction.

Condy's Fluid

This well-known liquid, and also permanganate of potash (l oz. crystals to 3 pints water), are useful in any of the before-mentioned ways.

Green Copperas Or Sulphate Of Iron

Proportion

11 /2 lbs. (6d.) mixed with 1 gallon water.

USE. Pour 1 teacupful into bed-pans before and after use, covering, and allowing it to stand ten minutes before the contents enter the drain.

Formamint

FORMAMINT contains a powerful antiseptic blended in a pleasing manner with milk, sugar and mild flavouring agents. It is not only a soothing and healing remedy for inflammatory conditions of the mouth and throat, but is also an antiseptic. It also has a preservative effect on the teeth and gums, thereby helping to prevent unpleasant breath. It is superior to gargles, as it causes less strain on the neck and throat, and also possesses a highly penetrative power. The tablets are slowly sucked in order to obtain the fullest benefit.

Iodine

Among the surgical profession iodine as an antiseptic is growing in favour. In the recent Servo-Turkish war it was used exclusively for the cleaning of wounds and in preparing the skin for an operation. An alcoholic solution must be used, as a watery solution is of no value. The strength recommended is from 2 to 4 per cent., according to the purpose for which it is required. Methylated spirit is best for this purpose, but whisky or any strong form of alcohol may be used. To reduce a strong solution of iodine to a 4 per cent. solution add five volumes of alcohol to two of iodine. For 2 per cent. solution add five volumes of alcohol to one of iodine. (Ordinary tincture of iodine is 2 1/2 per cent. solution.)

In treating a wound, whether septic or apparently clean, wash it with cool boiled water (containing a disinfectant) or boracic lotion. Then with a small piece of lint apply 2 per cent. iodine to the raw surface. Any ordinary dressing may then be used, such as iodoform gauze or double cyanide.