1/2-pint to 1 gallon of water, the sheet to be kept moist.
2. Steeping Patient's Body And Bed Linen.
1/2-pint to 1 gallon of water, steep one hour in sickroom before removing for boiling.
3. In Case Of Death.
1 pint to 1 gallon of water for disinfecting sheet to be wrapped round the body.
4. Rinsing Instruments And Sponges.
1 in 20 or 2 tablespoonsful to 1 pint of water.
5. Disinfecting Bed-Pans Before And After Use.
1 in 20.
6. Washing Hands Or Wounds.
1 in 40 or 1 tablespoonful to 1 pint water. N.B.-Always use boiling water to add to carbolic acid as it then mixes more thoroughly.
(2/6 per quart.)
This useful and popular disinfectant is produced from a new series of oxidized hydrocarbons which combines great germicidal power with no causticity or poison towards the higher forms of life. It is an aromatic preparation which is so saponified as to yield a perfect emulsion on the addition of water, and is guaranteed to be permanently homogenous. It is also a very inexpensive fluid. It can be used in suitable dilution with any form of spraying apparatus, and is non-volatile. It causes no irritating fumes.
It may be obtained also in powder form, and is one of the most satisfactory forms of a powder disinfectant. Lime is the most suitable base for such powders, owing to its power of absorbing evil-smelling gases. With carbolic acid and other substances which react with lime, the use of this base is not admissible, but as cyllin has no reaction lime is readily used with it.
Five forms of cyllin soap are to be obtained, namely, surgical, toilet, bar, soft, and liquid soaps; these are all guaranteed to be equal to 50 per cent. carbolic, and perfectly free from any undesirable action on the skin.
It is also prepared for use in an inhaler, as it is of great help in pulmonary disease, causing no irritating effect on the lungs or air passages.
For internal disinfection it may be bought either in capsules (palatinoids) or in the form of a syrup.
In consequence of the presence of lime in varying proportions in ordinary tap water, clean soft water should be used for dilution.
Cesspools, sinks, and lavatories ................
2 teaspoonsful to I quart water
Spittoons or mugs for infected expectoration
1 teaspoonful to 1 pint „
I „ „ I quart „
1 " " " "
Spray for walls ...............
1 " " 1 " "
For the skin ......................
1 „ „ 2 quarts „
Soiled sheets or body linen,
1 tablespoonful to 4 „ „