To Prevent Rust

If the irons are not to be used for some time, they should be slightly warmed, then rubbed over with mutton fat or tallow, which, when cold, forms a coating, thus excluding the air.

NEW IRONS sometimes stick, and should be seasoned as follows: warm the irons slightly, then coat with a mixture of one part castor oil to two parts paraffin; allow the iron to get cold, and then repeat the process, scouring well before use.

POLISHING IRONS have a very smooth convex surface. They require a longer time for heating, and must be kept scrupulously clean.

TO REMOVE RUST the irons may be rubbed with sweet oil, which after two or three days may be removed with unslaked lime. Emery-paper, sprinkled with paraffin, makes a good rust-removing surface on which to rub the irons.

Nos. 4 and 5 are the most useful sizes; No. 3 is convenient for very small garments; Nos. 8 and 9 are best for table linen.

Ironing Stands

Lids of jam-jars, or inverted circular potted-meat jars, are the cleanest form of ironing-stands, earthenware ones being easily washed.

IRONHOLDERS should be oval, not square, as the corners resting on the iron become burnt; they should be covered with strong linen, as woollen material soon becomes charred. Old stockings form a good material for the inside layers, and an oval cut from the wrist of an old kid glove, stitched at intervals to prevent shrinking, acts as a non-conductor of heat to the hand.

CLOTHES HORSES should be kept well scrubbed. When they are very old it is well to coat them with white paint, as sometimes old wood produces discolouration in damp fine clothes.

A Few Hints On The Management Of A Family Wash

It is important that one special day be set apart for this purpose, and that preparations be made the preceding day as here given:-


1. Collect all the soiled things and sort into piles: (a) table linen; (b) body and bed linen; (c) handkerchiefs; {(d) bedroom and bath towels, toilet-covers, linen aprons; (e) muslins; (/) kitchen and pantry towels, dusters; g) prints; (h) flannels.

2. Remove stains, and draw rents together with needle and cotton.

3. Shake the dust from the flannels and roll them up.

4. Steep separately the piles of uncoloured things.

5. Prepare some soap jelly.

6. Three-parts fill the copper with water.

7. Lay the boiler fire.

8. See that every requisite material is in the house.

Washing Day

Early rising is essential. While the water in the copper is becoming sufficiently hot for other things, the flannels may be washed and hung out to dry before the sun becomes oppressive.

White things should be washed in order, commencing with the cleanest, e.g. table linen. The water in which it has been washed will be clean enough for the toilet-covers and towels, and afterwards it can be used for bed and body linen, and so on, finishing with the most soiled things. For very greasy things, such as oven-cloths and coarse aprons, which are the last to be treated, two tablespoonfuls of paraffin may be added to the water in the boiler, as it is very effective in dissolving and loosening grease.

When possible, everything should be dried in the open air, as it makes linen a better colour, and also freshens it. The main points in securing the good colour of white clothes are thorough steeping, careful washing, boiling, very thorough rinsing, cautious blueing, and drying in the open air.