How to scrub Floors, Tables, Culinary Utensils - How to treat Neglected Boards - How to Stain Wood - How to Polish -Recipes for Furniture Cream - Treatment of Old Oak - How to wash Varnished and Unvarnished Paint, Cane-bottomed Chairs, White and Brown Wicker Chairs.

How To Scrub Wood

Some one has said that "scrubbing is a lost art," but we deny that statement most emphatically; and yet in order that wood may be a good colour, careful attention to various points is necessary.

1. Too many people scrub the dirt out of the wood, and then simply wipe it in again by use of a flannel wrung nearly dry out of the water, forgetting that it is most necessary to rinse off all the dirt before trying to dry the floor.

2. The use of dirty water cannot result in clean boards; the water should be changed frequently.

3. The wood must be scrubbed the way of the grain in order that the bristles of the brush may penetrate into every crevice and bring out the dirt. By brushing across the grain the bristles simply run over and not into the pores.

4. The use of soda discolours wood, making it dark.

5. The wood should be rubbed as dry as possible, and, in case of a floor, windows and door should be left open, so that the draught may dry it quickly. Wood in drying slowly is apt to become a bad colour. For this reason, if possible, a fine day should be chosen, especially if the room is to be occupied on the following night.

How To Scrub Wooden Floors

The materials necessary are two pieces of house flannel, two pails of warm water, soap, kneeler, scrubbing-brush, and sand.

1. Remove all dust with a long-handled hair broom.

2. Kneel on a kneeler or piece of old carpet, dip one flannel in the water, and, commencing as far from the door as possible, wash the floor as widely as can be comfortably reached. Sprinkle this wet part with a little silver sand, rub soap on the scrubbing-brush, and scrub the way of the grain very thoroughly. Rinse out the flannel to get rid of the soap, and remove the dirt from the scrubbed part; rinse it once again, the second time wringing the flannel out of the clean pail of water. Then wring the flannel tightly, and rub the clean part of the floor, thus drying it a little. Lastly, rub this part with the dry cloth to get it as dry as possible, and continue in this way until the whole floor is clean.

Cocoanut fibre kneelers can be bought at 2/3 each, and last for a very long time; woven rush ones, costing 1/6 each, are not nearly so thick or durable.

Housemaid's knee would not be nearly so common if the use of a kneeler were insisted on.

Old garments can well be utilized for floor-cloths. House flannel suitable for the purpose costs 4 1/2d. per yard; the finer white house flannel costs 5 1/2d. per yard.

Dry rot is caused by the growth of a fungus, the spores of which, floating about in the atmosphere, get into the crevices of the timber. Under favourable conditions these germinate and multiply, decomposing the wood and so obtaining their nutriment, until the whole floor is crumbling and unsound. All floors should be made of well-seasoned wood from which all the green sap has been extracted; they should be well ventilated, as a warm, humid atmosphere conduces to dry rot. If a floor is attacked the affected part should be cut away, and its place filled up with pitch pine blocks, which are in short lengths; the tar used in laying these prevents the fungi from spreading. Ventilation under the floor should also be obtained.