Limewash

This is prepared by mixing white quicklime in a bucket with hot water and some size. If a little carbolic acid be added, the disinfectant properties are increased, and it forms a very healthy wall-covering. Care must be taken not to let it splash into the eyes, as it might destroy the sight. In case of accident the eyes should immediately be bathed with vinegar and water; the acid neutralizing the lime. Medical aid is, of course, necessary.

Distempering Walls

This preparation is similar to whitewash, only more size and colouring matter are added. Approximate quantities required for a small room 10 1/2ft. X 7 1/2 ft., 9 ft. high are: 6 lbs. whiting (14 lbs. for 6d.); 2 lbs. Venetian red (2d. per lb.); 10 tablespoonsful of powdered size.

Smell Of New Paint

This is in any case objection-able, and to some people causes intense suffering in the form of nausea, vomiting, and colic. One of the best remedies is to place one or two pails of water, each containing a handful of hay, in the room.

Whitewash

Walls may be rendered clean and white by the application of whiting, which can be purchased at the rate of 14 lbs. for 6d. A little should be put in a clean bucket, and some powdered size added (8d. per lb.), as this keeps the wash on the walls from adhering to the garments of any one coming into contact with them. Pour on boiling water till the mixture is of the consistency of raw cream, and in order to make it a true white, without tendency to a yellow tint, add a little laundry blue.

By the addition of more blue the walls can be rendered blue instead of white, if preferred. A pretty tint of salmon pink, or pale terra-cotta, may be obtained by mixing Venetian red (which is a powder costing 2d. per lb.) with the whiting.

Whiting is easier and safer to apply than lime, which, however, is preferable for disinfecting purposes and for use in cellars and larders.

Before the walls are whitened they should be thoroughly washed with clean water to remove dust, loose dirt, and the old coating of whiting.

For applying lime or whiting a special kind of brush is necessary, costing from 1/- to 3/6, according to size and quality. Where it is not likely to be in frequent use, one about 1/9 will suffice.

Ceilings, if not papered, are usually treated with whitewash, taking care that it is applied evenly, and not too thickly.

Painted Walls

The advantages of paint as a wall-covering are that it can be washed easily, and does not attract dust or harbour germs. On the other hand, it is somewhat costly, three coats being necessary to produce the desired effect; and it cannot be applied satisfactorily to walls with irregularities and cracks.

DURESCO is a cheap water paint which may be obtained in any colour and easily applied.

CALCIMO is also inexpensive, and contains a disinfecting ingredient.

Painted Walls 19

Picture-Rails

Picture-rail mouldings are now in general use, having superseded the old brass rods. They are easily fixed by nailing to plugged walls, are very strong, and bear the heaviest pictures. Where a frieze is used, the picture-rail is placed between the filling and the frieze, and thus adds to the decorative effect. In plain wood the mouldings vary from 1 1/2d. to 4 1/2d. per foot; if white enamelled, from 2d. to 8d. per foot. They may also be had in plain gilt, cream and gilt, or polished walnut. The hooks for hanging the pictures cost from 2s. to 3s. per dozen.