Furniture Cream

1 oz. white wax (3d. per oz.); 1 oz. beeswax (2d. per oz., or 2/- per lb.); 1 oz. of castile soap (1/2d. per oz.); 1/4 pint turpentine; 3/4 pint boiling water.

The soap and two kinds of wax should be shred into thin slices, covered with the turpentine, and left for twenty-four hours. It should then be well beaten and the boiling water added gradually, beating well between each addition, until there are no lumps, and the mixture is of the consistence, colour, and smoothness of cream. It should be at once bottled.

Cleaning Furniture

Before applying any variety of polish the furniture must be quite free from dust, grease, and finger-marks. Cushions must be carefully beaten and brushed, especially the depressions surrounding the buttons. Any carved parts should be brushed and well dusted. In rush-seated, wooden-frame chairs, first brush the way the rushes run, always from the centre, and then well dust. Any serge or tapestry cushions may be cleaned very satisfactorily by thoroughly rubbing with hot bran followed by energetic brushing.

Finger-Marks

There are three usual ways of washing furniture to remove greasy marks :-

1. Melt a piece of soda the size of a walnut in boiling water, adding to it one quart of cold soft water. Wash the furniture with flannel dipped in this, rub dry with a soft linen cloth, and polish next day as usual.

2. Wash with flannel wrung out of cold tea.

1 This recipe is taken from Newsholme & Scott's "Domestic Economy," by kind permission of Mrs. Pillow.

3. Wash with water coloured with vinegar; this last is very efficacious.

If the furniture has been much neglected, it is advisable to rub it all over with linseed oil and allow it to remain for several hours. This loosens the dirt and prepares the wood to receive the polish. Any part which is scratched, or defaced, should be rubbed overnight with camphorated oil (2d. per oz.), as this helps to restore the surface. Slight stains can be removed by gentle rubbing with salt. If any white marks appear on a table, through overheated dishes being placed on the wood, they should be rubbed with a flannel dipped in spirit of camphor. Darker stains may sometimes be got rid of by rubbing with a cork, dipped in oxalic acid (1d. per oz. or 8d. per lb.) and water; wash the place, dry at once, and polish in the ordinary way.

How To Apply Any Sort Of Furniture Polish

1. After removing all dust and finger-marks, shake the bottle of polish, and put a little on a flannel or soft old linen pad, and rub this well on the furniture.

2. Polish with two soft dusters, one in each hand to prevent the left hand marking the wood.

3. The final polishing must be the way of the grain of the wood, and should be continued till the hand, placed lightly on the wood, leaves no mark. Too much polish makes things messy and greasy, and is apt to become caked in the crevices; it should not be put on in daubs and smears, but evenly; rubbing is the chief means of getting a good gloss. The cork of the polish bottle should be replaced immediately after use.