These should be attended to while wet. Spread the stained part over a basin, and pour boiling water through until the mark has disappeared.
Borax or salts of lemon will remove dry tea stains; but some teas, if once allowed to dry, become fixed dyes.
While wet, sprinkle salt on the spot and pour boiling water through, or soak the stain for a few minutes in boiling milk. Salts of lemon will be found effectual for old stains.
Pour boiling water through the yellow mark, lay on it a pinch of salts of lemon, then pour boiling water through again; repeat this, as an old mark is usually very obstinate. Salts of sorrel or oxalic acid may be used in the same way.
The freshly made ink stain may be removed by dipping and gently rubbing in milk that has been boiled, but is somewhat cooled, changing the milk as soon as it becomes inky.
If on white cotton, it should at once be boiled, with melted soap and a little paraffin put in the water. If on coloured material, the spots should be rubbed with paraffin or turpentine.
Rub the spots with soap, then cover with scraped chalk, and allow the material to bleach on the grass, sprinkling it with water as it dries.
Peel, slice, and pound the onion, mix it with the other ingredients; boil ten minutes, strain, and keep closely corked.
Spread a little on the scorched part; when dry, spread more until the mark disappears,
Quarter of a pound chloride of lime, 1 ounce of washing soda, 1 quart of boiling water. Mix these ingredients together, strain and bottle.
Use in the proportion of 1 tablespoonful to 4 of water, dipping the stain in the liquid. It must be washed off immediately, as it is very injurious to fabrics.
The value of paraffin as a detergent in laundry work was discovered many years ago by accident. As the clothes are put dry into the boiler, the preliminary steeping, washing, and first rinsing are dispensed with, thus saving time, soap, and labour. On the other hand, the smell is so persistent that rinsing through many waters and drying in the air are essential. There is also the danger of some accident, owing to the inflammability of the oil; and the water in the copper must be changed very frequently, and time allowed for a fresh supply to reach boiling-point. These drawbacks appear to neutralize the advantages.
Partly fill the copper with water, and shred thinly into it 1/2 lb. of yellow soap. When the water is boiling fast, add 1 1/2 tablespoonsful of paraffin, put in the linen, and boil fast for half an hour. Fast boiling is essential, as otherwise the greasy scum adheres to the clothes. Rinse in several waters, and dry in the open air.
Shred the soap in very thin slices, just cover with water, and place the pan on the stove till the soap is quite dissolved, and a clear yellow liquid produced. A little of this added to water, and beaten with the hand, instantly produces a lather. Any scraps of soap from the bedrooms may thus be utilized. A large quantity should not be made, as it loses strength if kept many days.