Daily Cleaning

In rooms which are little used, many people simply pick up any bits which may be seen on the carpet, in the belief that this is less injurious to the carpet than daily brushing. The short-handled whisk should be used very lightly and gently, to avoid creating more dust than is necessary; the dust being collected in a dustpan and burnt immediately.

To Remove Candle Grease

Carefully scrape it oft with a spoon, as a knife would be apt to cut the fibres of the carpet. Take a piece of blotting-paper folded double, place it over the part, then iron lightly with the point of a hot flat-iron. Move the paper quickly and repeat the ironing, using a clean piece of paper, until the result is satisfactory. The iron dissolves the grease, and the paper at once absorbs it.

Oil Stains On Carpet

For these make a paste by mixing fuller's earth and boiling water; place it on the carpet, leave it on 24 hours, or longer, taking care not to walk on the part; then brush it off with a hard whisk. This is usually most successful; but a little powdered magnesia added to the fuller's earth is, by many people, considered more effectual. Another method is to scrape a little French chalk, and place it dry on the part, brushing it off in a day or two.

Oil may be removed by rubbing with a cloth dipped in chloroform or any pure alcohol; but there is usually difficulty in obtaining this. Petrol (1s. per gallon) is also very efficacious.

Wet Ink

This should be soaked up at once with blotting-paper to prevent it sinking into the carpet. Saturate the part with milk (preferably skim milk, as rich creamy milk would be apt to leave a greasy mark); wipe it off as soon as discoloured, and rub with clean milk until the stain has gone, then wash with tepid water, and rub well. If the milk has been boiled and allowed to cool a little, it is more effectual; but if used too hot, it may make the colours in the carpet run.

Stair Carpets

These should always be from a half to three-quarters of a yard too long for each flight, to allow of the carpet being moved three or four times a year, so that the tread does not always fall on the same place. They last much longer if pieces of felt are first nailed to the edge of the steps, or if stair-pads, which are made for the purpose (4d. or 6d. each), are used; their use also deadens the sound.

UNDERLAYS add very much to the softness and noiseless-ness of carpets; they also protect them from the inequality of the boards forming the floor, and from damp, as well as making them warmer for the feet.

Old carpets, if thoroughly clean, answer this purpose; if these are not available, a wide coarse felt, costing l0d. a yard, is admirable. Where this is considered too costly, thick brown paper 54 inches wide and costing 2d. per yard, may be utilized.

NEW CARPETS require to be well laid. One end is usually nailed down first with brass carpet-tacks {2 1/2d. per dozen); then the carpet is stretched down with a stretcher, a toothed instrument which, however, does not injure the carpet.

The cost of measuring, making, and laying carpets, including binding, nails, etc., is on the average about 4d. per yard; for stair-carpets, 1d. or 2d. per yard.