The articles to be colored must be cleansed entirely from grease before coloring. It is better to wet them in clear water before dyeing. Strain the dye before using.
Five ounces annato in a bag, three pails of strong soap suds or weak lye. Dip the cloth in suds previously prepared. Then put into the dye and boil until it takes the strength of the dye.
For a dress with overskirt, 3 ounces extract logwood, 1 1/2 ounces blue vitriol. Dissolve the vitriol in water and the logwood in another water. Wet the goods thoroughly in warm water before putting into the vitriol-water. Put a piece of copperas the size of a walnut into the logwood dye, and when the dye is hot, put in the goods, stirring and airing it for about 1/2 hour, then dry it. Then wash immedi-diately in hot soap suds in several waters, so that it will not crock. In the last water put a little salt. Wring it dry, roll up and let remain several hours before pressing.
Mrs. Ann Turner, Mt. Carmel, Ky.
One pound logwood, 1/2 pound blue vitriol, 1 dime's worth of fustic. Each in a sack in a separate vessel, and boil 20 minutes. Scald your goods in the vitriol-water, and then air them. Put the logwood mixture with the fustic, and boil 30 minutes. Put in your goods. Keep well stirred until you obtain the color desired. Then scald with weak lye.
The proportion for each pound of goods is 2 ounces extract logwood, 1 ounce blue vitriol, 1/2 ounce sugar of lead. Dissolve the vitriol in one water and the logwood in another. Wet the goods thoroughly in warm water before putting into the vitriol-water. Put the sugar of lead in the logwood-water, and when hot take the goods from the vitriol-water and put into the dye. Stir them about in the dye for 1/2 hour. Then take out, put into a tub, and pour over enough hot, strong salt-water to cover. Let stand until cold, hang up - let dry and rinse in clear warm water. Will never crock nor fade.
Oxalic acid, 1 1/2 ounces, in 1 quart rain water over night; Prussian blue, 2 ounces, in 1 quart rain water over night. Then put together in as much more warm soft water as you want for 4 pounds of rags. Put the rags in for 20 minutes. They need not boil.
First dye a blue; then dip into a weak black dye.
Miss Sallie A. Turner, Elizaville, Ky.
To 10 pounds goods take 2 pounds catechu, 8 ounces bichromate of potash, and 4 level tablespoons of alum. Process: Dissolve the catechu and alum in cold water over night. In the morning scald the goods 2 hours in this dye. Dissolve potash in warm water. Lift the goods from the catechu dye and scald goods in the potash dye till of the desired color. Rinse in clear warm water. Dry in the shade. Use brass or copper vessels. Iron will not answer, but porcelain will do.
For 10 pounds goods take 1 pound catechu, 4 ounces blue vitriol, 4 ounces bichromate of potash; dissolve each in separate water; heat the goods one hour in the catechu-water; wring out; dip and wring out of the hot vitriol-water; leave them 15 minutes in the potash-water; dry and wash them.
Three ounces of good indigo, ground and sifted, 1 pound oil of vitriol, mixed, gradually. Let stand 1 hour. For pale blue, take a little composition in boiling hot water. Very nice for little children's stockings.