This section is from the book "The Steward's Handbook And Guide To Party Catering", by Jessup Whitehead. Also available from Amazon: Larousse Gastronomique.
"A rather funny and somewhat unusual strike is reported at a Swampscott (Mass.) summer hotel. Nineteen table girls struck for an advance of 50 cents a week. It seems there was a ball at the house, and after it was over the girls appropriated the ice cream that was left, but the proprietor put in an appearance and took it away from them. The girls resented this and asked for an advance, which was promised them. Fearing that the proprietor would not keep his word, they submitted a paper to him by which he was to bind himself to retain their services until the close of the season. This he refused to do, and went to Boston after breakfast to procure new help before lunch. In his hurry he boarded the wrong train, and before he knew it he was on his way to Salem. Here he set himself right and was soon on his way to his destination, where, after considerable difficulty, he secured enough help, temporary and permanent, to serve the lunch. The matter created no little stir among the guests, who sided with the girls, claiming that the ice cream belonged to the guests, who paid for it, and that the proprietor went too far in the matter".
" One important strike up in the Read, lng coal region I haven't seen anything in the papers about," said Samuel Royer, of Ashland, Pa., "and that was the strike of the hotel kitchen and dining room girls of Ashland. The new men that .the Reading Railroad Company are sending in there to take the places of the striking employe's, at first went to the different hotels to board. There wasn't a girl working at any of the public houses who did not have a sweetheart among the strikers, and they held a meeting and resolved that they would not cook nor wait on any of the men who came in to take the places of the striking sweethearts. The landlords were notified of the decision, and informed that they must close their hotels against the ' scabs' or get other help. The landlords couldn't see how they could refuse to accommodate the men, and every hotel girl in the place quit work. It was impossible for the landlords to get other help, and the result was that the hotel keepers gave in after one day of the novel strike, and gave the new men notice that they must seek quarters elsewhere. The girls then resumed work. Proceedings were then taken by the railroad company to punish the hotel keepers under the law for refusing to accommodate their men.
Then the hotel keepers agreed to take the men in again, but they put up their prices so high the men could not stand it, and went to boarding themselves in the car sheds".
Well, but girls rarely strike or even strike back when an unkind remark is levelled at them. And it must be said in partial excuse for their not reaping a fair share of tips that it is largely on account of the respect of man for woman that they suffer in that respect. A good many are afraid to offer them money lest it may insult them. There are some men waiters, as a writer remarks, "who look so much like archbishops, and behave in such a stern and stately manner that the inexperienced visitor is overawed and would not have the timerity to offer them less than a dollar for a tip." When it is a "Juno" that is so encountered, who goes about her duties with such dignified reserve that she scarcely seems to see anybody even while she is scrupulously attentive, then nobody dares offer her anything at all. It is said some of the White Mountain "school marm" waitresses at the summer hotels do refuse to take tips that are offered to them. The question then arises: What do they do when the customer leaves a half or a dollar under his plate and goes out, and never looks back to see whether Juno picks it up or not? Do the Junos sweep up all such dollars with the crumbs and throw them out of the window?