Origin, Wisconsin.

Fruit medium, conical, irregular, angular; surface yellow, wholly covered with fine crimson and carmine splashes (much like a well-colored Fameuse), a handsome fruit; dots white; cavity regular, slightly russeted, acute; stem short; basin very shallow, narrow, wrinkled; calyx half open. Core closed, clasping, very large; tube short, conical; stamens marginal; seeds very plump, light brown; flesh white, fine-grained, mild subacid, with sweet after - taste, very good. Winter.

Roxbury (Roxbury Russet)

Supposed origin, Roxbury, Massachusetts, soon after the settlement of the countrv. Scions were taken to Connecticut soon after 1649. Tree moderately vigorous, spreading, very productive. Not as popular as formerly for export.

Apple Variety: Roxbury

Fruit medium to large, roundish, oblate, slightly angular; surface green, entirely covered with open net-work of brownish yellow russet, sometimes with a faint blush on sunny side; dots obscure, few, gray, minute; cavity deep, regular; stem short, rather slender; basin regular, smooth, rather shallow; calyx closed; segments divergent. Core closed; cells ovate, slit; tube conical; stamens median; seed about ten, half abortive, pointed, not plump; flesh greenish white, with greenish yellow veinings, moderately juicy, flavor rich, spicy, subacid, good to very good. January to June.


This variety has been traced to the farm of Capt. William Russell, Farmington, Maine, where it was known to be in fruit over sixty-five years ago. The local tradition is that Capt. Russell, an early settler, walked from Massachusetts to his farm and brought in his pockets a lot of apple-seed, and this is one of the seedlings. Tree spreading, an early and regular bearer.

Fruit large, round ovate, sometimes oblong conical, somewhat flattened at base, nearly regular; surface waxen, smooth, except for the raised dots and occasional russet knobs, bright yellow, with red cheek in the sun, obscurely striped; dots brown with light bases; cavity small, regular, narrow, russeted; stem very short and stout; basin regular, deep, abrupt, furrowed; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core medium, oval, clasping; seeds few, imperfecct, light brown; flesh yellowish, fine-grained, tender, moderately juicy, pleasant subacid, good to very good. September.

There is also a Canadian Russell, described by W. T. Macoun, (Bul. 38, Canada Exp. Sta.) as follows:

"Russell. - Originated in Russell Co., Ontario. Fruit medium to above medium in size, roundish to oblate; skin pale yellow, almost or completely, covered with deep red; dots few, gray, not prominent; cavity shallow, open; stem long, slender; basin shallow, open, slightly wrinkled; calyx closed; flesh white, tender, melting, juicy, subacid, with a pleasant flavor, having a suggestion of Fameuse about it, slightly astringent. Core large, quality good. Season, middle of August to middle of September; tree vigorous. Top-grafted on Wealthy at the Central Experimental Farm, it has produced good crops every other year. It ripens unevenly, making it more desirable for home use than for commercial purposes."

Russian Baldwin

An all-winter Russian apple of commercial value; received from the late CharlesGibb and named by Dr. T. H. Hoskins.

Fruit above medium, roundish oblate; skin thin; surface smooth, yellow, washed with mixed red, splashed and striped with crimson; dots erupted, russet; cavity medium, irregular, with gradual slope, slightly lipped and somewhat russeted; stem of medium size, short; basin small, regular, shallow, furrowed; calyx small, closed or nearly so; segments short, wide, converging. Core large, wide, partially open, clasping; seeds numerous, small, plump, dark brown; flesh yellowish white, moderately fine, moderately juicy; flavor subacid; quality good. Season late winter. (U. S. Pomologist Report, 1895.)