Alexandria (Muscat Of Alexandria)

Bunch large, long, loose shouldered; stalk long; berry large, oval, greenish yellow, changing to pale amber, with thin white bloom. Flesh firm, breaking, sweet, rich, with Muscat flavor. Grown in extreme South, on the lower Rio Grande, and in New Mexico and Arizona. Africa.


Bunch large, irregular conical, often shouldered and branched; berry variable in size, roundish, flattened at ends. Flesh firm, not very juicy, and with neutral flavor. A remarkable keeping and shipping variety, doing well in the hot interior valleys of the Southwest, especially in Arizona.

Black Hamburg

Bunch very large, broadly shouldered, conical; berry large, roundish oval; color blue black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh firm but tender, very juicy, rich, sugary, very good to best. Grown in Southwest Texas, New Mexico, and on the west coast. Germany.

Black Malvoise

Bunch large, quite loose, branching; berry very large, oblong; color reddish black, with faint bloom. Flesh juicy, rather rich, vinous, and pleasant flavored. Grown as a table grape in Arizona, Southwest Texas, and on west coast.

Black Prince

Bunch long, large, usually not shouldered; berry large, oval; color purplish black, with thick blue bloom. Flesh white or greenish, tender, very juicy, sugary; quality high. Prized in South Colorado, Arizona, and extreme Southwest Texas. Europe.


Bunch very large, long, tapering, often one foot in length, slightly shouldered; berry large, round, yellowish, quite transparent. Flesh quite firm, sweet, good. An Italian variety, doing well in the dry climate of extreme Southwest Texas and South Mississippi.

Early Black (Madeleine)

Bunch medium, compact; berry round, black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh quite sweet but not rich. Grown in Arizona on account of its extreme earliness; also on the west coast.


Bunch very large, compound, nearly as large as Cala-brian; berry very large, purplish black, meaty, juicy, very good. Does well in Central and Southwestern Texas and Mississippi. Italy.

Golden Champion

Bunch eight to nine inches long, ovate in shape, shouldered, and with thick fleshy stalk; berry very large, one and three-eighths inches long and one and one-eighth inches wide; color pale yellow and amber when ripe. Flesh firm, very juicy. Does well in Southwest Texas. England.

Lombardy. (Flame Tokay). - Bunch very large, shouldered, compact, handsome, often weighing seven pounds; berry large, roundish oval; skin pale red or flame color. Flesh firm, sweet, well-flavored, but not high, yet good in warm climates. Grown in New Mexico, Arizona, and extreme Southwest Texas; also on west coast. Europe.

Malaga (Muscat St. Laurent). - Bunch long, loose, shouldered, but often compact and roundish; berry roundish oval; color greenish yellow. Flesh very tender, melting, juicy, with Muscat flavor. Does well in Central and Southwestern Texas and New Mexico. Spain.


Bunch large to very large, oval; berry light-colored, juicy, sprightly. Does well in Southwestern Texas. Hungary.


Bunch large, somewhat shouldered, rather loose on account of being divided into several small lateral clusters; berry medium, round, purple or black, with heavy bloom. Flesh sweet, juicy, delicious. As a dessert variety preferred by many to the firmer-fleshed vinifera varieties. Does well in Southwest Texas and Arizona, also in California where it originated.

Morocco (Black Morocco)

Bunch very large, loose, shouldered; berry not uniform in size, ranging from medium and round to large and oval; color black when fully ripe. Flesh firm, sweet, high-flavored; late in season. The small berries are seedless, and the larger ones have usually one seed. Grown in New Mexico, Arizona, and on the west coast. Europe.

Sultana (Seedless Sultana)

Bunch large with heavy shoulders or wings, usually quite compacted under culture in Arizona; berry small, round, golden yellow. Flesh firm, crisp, and destitute of seeds in Arizona, but often has seeds in California.

Sweetwater (White Sweetwater)

Bunch medium, loose, shouldered; berry large, round, with thin skin, showing the veins of the flesh; color white, with thin bloom. Flesh tender, watery, sweet, delicate. Grown in South Colorado, Oregon, and Arizona. Europe.

Thompson (Seedless)

Bunch large to very large, shouldered or branched, quite compact; berry medium to small, oval, greenish yellow, very sweet when used for dessert or drying, and wholly seedless. As tested by the writer the fruit is better in Arizona than in the moister air of the west coast. Turkestan.

Violet Chasselas (Red Chasselas)

Bunch medium, loose, rarely compact, shouldered, with long reddish peduncles; berry medium, round, red or violet, with violet bloom. Flesh juicy, sweet, delicious as grown in extreme Southwestern Texas and Arizona. Europe.

White Carnichon

Bunch medium, round, rather loose; berry very long and narrow, often one and one-half inches long, tapering to both ends; color yellowish green, covered quite heavily with white bloom. Flesh firm, sweet; in warm climates delicious. Grown in Arizona, Southwest Texas, and on the west coast. Europe.

Chapter XVIII of Part I gives an outline of the origin of American varieties, the leading species from which they have been developed, the propagation of the different classes, culture, manuring, and winter protection. For reasons given in that connection the varieties are described under the following groups or classes:

(1) The Blackcap Varieties.

(2) Purple Cane Varieties.

(3) American Red Varieties.

(4) European Red Varieties.