By A. S. Fuller. New York: Orange Judd Company. 1887.

We look on this as one of the most original and in many respects the best of Mr. Fuller's very useful works. It is dedicated to Mr. Trumpy, who, in connection with the Parsons Nurseries at Flushing, has earned the reputation of being one of the most successful propagators in the United States. Mr. Fuller discusses the question in its broadest aspects. He gives some account of the cell structure of plants, and the formation of different organs, which introduces the reader gracefully to the subject of fertilization and propagation of plants by seeds. Then we have propagation by cuttings, layers, suckers, root cuttings, and budding and grafting. And there is a select list of plants that require special modes of propagation.

In his preface Mr. Fuller has a hit at the secrets of some professional propagators, and takes credit for exposing these secrets. If Mr. Fuller is giving away these secrets for nothing, he expects to make money by the sale of his book. If, after preparing this book/or the press, some one should have published just such a one, rendering all his labor on his manuscripts worthless, he would not have been in the very best of humor with his misfortune. Had he known that such a book was in contemplation, we fancy he would have kept his own secret, hurried along with his task, and got out his own first if possible. We do not know why a propagator's secret should be any more contemptible than the secret of an author. We have always maintained that the raiser of a new fruit or flower, or the discoverer of anything in horticulture, is just as well entitled to profit from such invention as the discoverers in any other profession. Unfortunately his materials are of such a nature that his discoveries cannot be patented, as the more mechanical discoveries can, and the only way he can get recompense for his time and trouble is by some measure of secrecy as to his important discoveries until he has had time to reimburse himself for his efforts in discovering them.

If he has a nursery he keeps his secret and sells the product; if he has no nursery he writes a book and sells the secret. Where is the difference? It is true there are a large number of horticulturists who give away freely their secrets, and tell all they know. All this is commendable; but we hardly think it justifiable to hold up those who think proper to keep at least a little for themselves. As to Mr. Fuller's work we are free to admit that it exposes admirable secrets. It is one of the best works of this kind we have ever read, and, though Mr. Fuller is not "giving them away for nothing," the price the reader will have to send the book-seller for them will be well invested.

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It is perhaps not fair when we are asked to a substantial lunch on beef and potatoes, freely given, to complain that we are not also treated to ice cream and cakes; yet we may say that some of Mr. Fuller's modes have become antiquated and have been supplanted by better methods. Take the case of layering on page 171: not one propagator in a thousand does the work in the manner illustrated at page 171, where something is represented with a branch bent down, slit on the under side, kept down by a wooden peg carefully made from a forked stick, and the future plant kept upright by a stake to which it is carefully tied. These sort of layers break in bending, and the labor is "positively awful " because wholly unnecessary.

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The slit is now made, as in the cut (see p. 221), on the upper portion so that the branch can be thrust into the ground and rammed in as tight as you like with no peg or danger of breaking, and the branch will stay upright of its own accord without all the staking and extra labor. We give also an illustration of side-slit grafting, known in the "trade " as Chitty's method, which also has the advantage of not easily breaking when thrust into the ground.