IF any apology is needed for the following remarks on Selaginellas, it is the fact that after repeated efforts to find something like a correct technical description of the species herein enumerated, as well as several others, I have, with all the helps at hand, very signally failed to do so. True it is, we have a list of their names, some account of their habits and native countries in the latest edition of "Paxton's Botanical Dictionary"-a fuller description of half a dozen or so in "Gray's Field and Garden Botany," and a very interesting popular account of many more, by Mr. Williams, in his book on "Ferns and Lycopods." But withal, there seems to be a lack of information abroad as regards the distinguishing characteristics of so many now in cultivation, that even venders find it hard to know whether they receive what they order in making purchases, or fill their own orders correctly.

I have no other motive for stating this fact, than simply the desire to remedy what may seem an unavoidable evil, but one which none the less leads to unpleasant consequences.

One remedy for this state of things would, undoubtedly, be a work of reference, wherein is stated all that is neoessay to enable interested parties to distinguish one species from another, and to know just what they have, and what they have not.

Of course any effort of mine to supply this want could only be partially successful, not having had the necessary training to grasp the entire subject, and present it in such befitting terms as a professional Botanist could. Yet still, we believe in the adage, "better half a loaf than no bread," and so have ventured to describe from living specimens those that we best know, hoping it may prove to be the forerunner of something more accurate and full.

Section 1st, Stems Sending Out Rootlets

Selaginella Apus. (Syn. Lyc. Apodum)

Stems spreading one to two inches high, some-times forming close patches, delicate; leaves nearly one-eighth of an inch long, spreading horizontally, obliquely ovate-elliptical, serrulate; intermediate ones half as large, nearly erect and acutely pointed. A native species, not rare, and quite interesting in cultivation.

Selaginella Densa. (Syn. Lyc. Densum)

Said by some to be the same as the last, and perhaps not greatly different, yet sufficiently so to constitute it a well marked variety. Large leaves, less spreading and rounded; smaller ones, loss in proportion and more erect. The whole plant much more delicate, and growing in denser tufts. N. Hol-and.

Selaginella Delicatissima. (Syn. Macrophylla)

Stems slender and trailing, 8-12 in. long, rooting nearly their whole length, irregularly branched; leaves elliptical, serrulate, with long cilia at the base; smaller ones, ovate, pointed. Columbia.

Selaginella Kraussiana. (Syn. Denticulata Hortense)

The best known in gardens, perhaps, of any in the genus, and not the least useful for decorative purposes. Selaginella Africa.

Var. Variegata

Growing branchlets greenish white; rather pretty.

Selaginella Martensii. (Syn. Lyc. Stoloniferum)

Stems ascending, 6-12 in. long, bearing numerous twice pinnate and forked branches; leaves obliquely ovate, obtuse under-edge and towards the apex of the upper serrulate; smaller ones ovate, serrate, with long recurved points. The Canaries.

Var. Compacta. (Syn. Lyc. Formosum)

Stems stouter, nearly erect, 6-9 in. high; branches crowding and forming a dense head.

Var. Compacta Variegata

Same as last, but with the branches and leaves variously mixed with white.

Selaginella Galeottii. (Syn. Dichrous, Karsteniana, Schottii)

Stems long and trailing, sending out rootlets nearly their whole length, reddish-brown, and beset with distant leaves one-eighth of an inch in length, ovate oblique, denticulate, as are those of the branches; intermediate ones somewhat pointed; branches distant, one to several inches long, bearing several mostly forked branchlets. A fine growing species, and likely to become a favorite with florists, as it can be trained several feet high in the form of a pyramid, so as to resemble a miniature evergreen shrub. Mexico.

Selaginella Uncinata. (Syn. Lyc. Caesium)

Stems long and trailing, branches several times divided; branchlets short and crowded; leaves oblong, obtuse, entire; smaller ones ovate, with slender uncurved points. Chiefly esteemed for the metallic luster of the leaves, which, when grown in a moist warm house in the shade, are very beautiful indeed. China.

Selaginella Laevigata. (Syn: Caesium Arborium)

Stems 1 - 2/8 of an in. in thickness, reddish-brown, as are also the rootlets, 4-6 feet in length; branches distant, frond-like, ovate-lanceolate, 6-12 in. long; leaves oblong-ovate, entire, not pointed; smaller ones with rather broad obliquely incurved points. A showy species with the iridescent hue of uncenata, and when trained to a stake or twisted ,around several in the form of a cylinder, is very striking and attractive. Madagascar.

Selaginella Serpens. (Syn. Mutabilis, Jamaicensis, Variabilis)

Stems prostrate, rooting their whole length; branches pinnate; spikes 1-2/8 of an in. in length, bearing numerous large spore cases in the axles of wedge-shaped, serrate, leaves; leaves of the branches ovate, blunt, sparingly serrate, their edges turned upwards; smaller ones apressed, pointed. The whole plant light green in color, appearing almost white in the twilight. West Indies.

Selaginella Poulterii

Stems slender and spreading, 3-4 in. high; branches distant, forked; large spore cases conspicuous; leaves one-sixteenth of an inch in length, round ovate, straight, obliquely pointed or blunt, ciliate; smaller ones ovate with straight points, ciliate-dentate. A diminutive species, but quite interesting in a collection.

Selaginella Inequalifolia

Stems reddish-brown, ascending, 6-9 in. high; branches alternate, distant, fan-shaped, or palmately forked; leaves on stem distant, obliquely ovate, pointed, entire; those of the branches imbricated, half as large with short points. Very handsome. Java.

Selaginella Griffithii

Stems 6-10 in. high, nearly erect with nodding tips, reddish-brown as are also the long rootlets borne on half their length; branches alternate, bi-pinnate and forked; leaves one-eighth of an inch long, oblong-ovate, straight on the under side, crenulate; smaller ones ovate, acute, crenate. Readily distinguished by its yellowish-green color and handsomely arranged. Borneo.

Section 2d. Stems Not Rooting

Selaginella Setosa

Branches spreading frond-like, bright green on the upper side and becoming red with age on the under; branch lets pinnate, divisions bearing 2-4 short spikes; leaves obliquely ovate-lanceolate, serrate, with long cilia at the base; smaller ones serrate, and long pointed.

Selaginella Caulescens

Branches 18 in. high, spreading frond-like; branchlets pinnate and forked; leaves obliquely ovate, short pointed, serrate on the upper edge and entire on the under; smaller ones ovate-lanceolate, serrate and pointed. E. Indies.

Selaginella Triangularis

Stems nearly erect, one foot high; branches at irregular distances, opposite, and disposed so as to give the whole a triangular form; branchlets bi-pin-nate, close together but not crowding; leaves obliquely ovate-lanceolate, entire; smaller ones with long incurved points.

Selaginella Lyallii. (Syn. Lyc. Lyallii)

Stems 6-12 in. high, somewhat trifurcate, lateral branches shortest, deep green, and rather ridged; branchlets simple, or once or several times divided, close, but not crowding; large leaves ovate, entire with points bent in direction of raches; intermediate ones ovate-lanceolate, points reflexed. Madagascar.

Selaginella Erythropus. (Syn. Umbrosa)

Stems 4-6 in. high, dividing into three horizontal or ascending branches, lowest pair reflexed which gives the whole a haibert-shape; large leaves round-ovate, oblique, ciliate on the upper edge from the middle downwards; smaller ones ovate, pointed, serrate on the under edges and ciliate on half the upper. Tropical America.

Selaginella Flabellata

8-12 in. high, branches ascending, ovate-acuminate, whitish on the under side and bright green on the upper; branchlets 1-2 in. long, pinnately forked; leaves ovate-lanceolate, denticulate on the under edge and towards the apex on the upper; smaller ones ovate-acuminate, sparingly denticulate. Tropical America.

Selaginella Pubescens. (Syn. Lyc. Willdenovii, Braunii)

Stems ascending 6-18 in. high, bearing numerous branches, spreading frond-like, scarcely pubescent; branches 2 - 3 pinnate and forked; spikes one-sixteenth of an inch long; leaves obliquely ovate, obtuse; smaller ones apressed and pointed. E. Indies.

Selaginella Elongata. (Syn. Cordifolia)

Branches 9-12 in. high, ovate-lanceolate, light green; branchlets bi-pinnate, 1-2 in. long, closely set but not crowding; leaves ovate-acuminate, denticulate.

Selaginella Convoiuta. (Syn. Paradosea)

Stems 2-4 in. high; branches pinnately forked, short and ridged; large leaves imbricated, ovate, oblique, sparingly serrate, pointed; smaller ones ovate-lanceolate. An interesting species, which may readily be distinguished by its deep green color and low forked branches. Trop. America.

Selaginella Involvens

3-4 in. high; pedatly branched and bearing numerous forked branchlets near the top, one-eighth of an inch wide; leaves ovate-oblong, oblique, sparingly serrulate; smaller ones ovate, with long bent points. Japan.

Selaginella Pilifera. (Syn. Lepidophylla)

3-4 inches high; branches arranged around a central stem, frond-like, imbricated; leaves ovate, serrate, with long slender points. A handsome species, grown quite often as lepidophyllum, which it very much resembles. Texas.

Selaginella Cuspidata. (Lyc. Circinale)

6-15 in. high; branches frond-like and arranged round a central stem very much in the form of a bird's nest, delicate pale green; branchlets bi-pinnate, one inch long; leaves obliquely ovate with long bristle points, serrulate and long ciliate at the base; smaller ones obliquely ovate and pointed. Trop. America.