This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In the Horticulturist of the present month (November), Mr. Henry Walton wishes to know if the White Winter Pearmain apple succeeds well on prairie soil, and says that, on timber land, they are worthless. I can assure him that they are the same on the prairie. I have had a considerable experience with this apple in the southeast quarter of Van Buren county, Iowa, on high, rich prairie, having a slight descent to the southeast. The first trees were planted in the spring of 1843, and grew more rapidly than any other trees in the orchard, the wood, whether of slow or rapid growth, being of a soft, spongy texture. In about four years they began to bear, and increased in bearing every alternate year for about ten years, when they began to decline in bearing, and also in the quality of the fruit; so that, in the course of five years from the beginning of the deterioration, they were entirely worthless. At about this period the trees began to die, by beginning at the ends of the limbs, as described by Mr. Walton, and now, every tree of the first planting is dead, and most of them converted into ashes.
I have younger trees of this variety, of different ages, and whether ftve ten or fifteen years old, the fruit is knarly, scabby and worthless. The variety seems to have a permanent, chronic disease. When the trees and fruit were in their prime, neither had any superior. The tree was vigorous and symmetrical, the fruit of good size, and unsurpassed in flavor and richness, and readily commanded $1.50 per bushel.
William P. Lippinoott,