This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We would like to have unbelievers see our trees and decide for themselves. It promises well with us so far.
These are some of the varieties of which, if we speak at all and speak the truth, we must speak well up to the present time. Yet, after all, the future may bring a failure. If it does, we will say so.
We do not, however, recommend dwarf pear-culture to everybody, for there are some who are not fit to have trees any way. These are the class who set them by crowding their roots into holes just large enough, by a little crampiug, to thrust the roots in, and then the earth, turf, and all is thrown upon them, and they are left to their fate. It is a pity if trees so set do not die. They become mere cumberers of the ground. If they live, their existence must be a sickly one, and death instead of life and fruit-bearing' will be the result Dwarf trees, like every thing else, must be fairly done by, and they will pay.
We do not know that dwarfs will succeed in all situations on all Boils. The presumption is, that they will not flourish equally well in all localities. Nothing strange in that. The native and more hardy trees of the forest all have their favorite localities, and why may not fruit-trees? Ours grow upon a clay loam over a limestone formation quite free from superfluous moisture, and the soil made deep.
We believe that dwarf pear culture will be more generally adopted when it is better understood, and to those who wish to embark in it, we recommend the careful reading of "Field's Pear Culture," a work treating expressly on the culture of the Pear, and written evidently by a man of common sense, and extensive experience and observation. It is a great luxury, in this day of book-making and book humbuggery, to get hold of so practical, common-sense, and truthful a work in so condensed a form. Mr. Field gives beautiful illustrations of over half a hundred varieties of Pears and describes many others, with their good and bad qualities, besides tell' ing how to raise them.
Since writing the above, I have taken up a six-year-old Napoleon that had unfortunately become too shaded by the growth of an apple-tree. I found the Quince on which it stood entirely dead, but a noble lot of roots had put forth from the Pear at the junction of the Quince. We reset the tree in a suitable locality, and feel confident of its future success. Inference. In setting dwarfs the ground should be made deep, and the Quince and from two to four inches of the Pear covered. Then the Pear will provide itself roots if the Quince fails, and make good trees.
[All very good, except the last, and that would not be so objectionable if the trees were worked low enough. The only sound general rule is to plant with the roots near the surface, and to buy no trees that can not be so planted. - Ed.