Twelve years ago few people believed that Quinces could be grown in the valley of the Mohawk, although it was known that they were cultivated at Clinton, in the south part of the county. About that time a few trees began to bear fruit, in this city, in gardens having a clay soil, and situated at various elevations above the river, - say from fifteen to seventy feet.

In the spring of 1843, I procured a few trees from Clinton, three or four years old, which I planted in my garden, on the high ground near the Insane Asylum. These I have since increased to some hundreds, by suckers and cuttings, mostly for the purpose of stocks for Pears. Those set for bearing fruit, stand in a light, sandy loam, though a few are in swamp muck, where sand is an ingredient of the soil. A part of those in the sandy loam have a light, sandy sub-soil; but those which have done best have a clay hard-pan sub-soil. These last have suffered least from the effects of winter, and have borne most fruit. They were all set in deep, large holes, filled mostly with good top soil, with which a little lime rubbish was mingled. This last was mostly obtained from the soap factory, and was mixed with leached ashes. Those set upon the hard-pan were upon a moderate slope, falling to the south, but not sufficiently to prevent the holes from becoming a water cup, into which the water actually percolated, in the early spring, when they were dug. Theoretically, I cannot now approve of setting fruit trees in such a position, though practically, it has worked well. The roots, most probably, have always become dry before the weather was warm enough to excite vegetation.

If so, the temporary influence of cold water about the roots could not injure them. One of the trees thus situated, whose top you could gather under a five bushel basket, has, again and again, borne three pecks of Quinces, in a single year.

A little manure, widely spread and faithfully dug in the spring, has been found useful. This has usually been coarse, low manure. For the first few years I gave my trees a regular salting in the spring, but have neglected to do so for three or four years. Possibly there is yet an abiding influence of these early applications. I, however, doubt the necessity of its application. During the first two or three years after they began to flower, the petals were all eaten up by a sort of winged ant I have also lost a few by the borer, as I suppose, although I have not had time to look for him, and have used no precautions against him.

My trees have no protection from the cold west wind, beyond the influence of a distent high fence, and of an occasional Plum tree steading near. On the whole, my experience justifies the confident hope that, in at least many localities here, the Quince may be rendered fairly profitable.

I may farther observe that, although I usually cultivate my trees as single standards, I find they succeed equally well when three or four grow out of the same root, provided, always, the original number is maintained by the careful removal of sprouts every spring. Many gentlemen in our city have been equally successful with myself, so that quite a number of families now raise their own supply of this fruit.