This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
I have perused the notices of many varieties of strawberries in your journal for previous months, and in other periodicals, but have not seen any satisfactory and conclusive details, such as would impart to the reader the full knowledge requisite to make his selections under standingly, and with absolute certainty. Some excuse may be alledged in consequence of the last season having been particularly unfavorable, and of the limited period that has in most cases been devoted to these investigations. I shall not in the present article discuss the subject of sexuality and relative productiveness, but will leave that for a future communication, and confine myself in this solely to describing the characteristics of a number of varieties, so as to enable amateurs who are not already conversant therewith, to make appropriate selections for the objects they have in view - be it as regards large crops for market, or for plentiful family use, or for insignificant crops to merely gratify the fancy. The varieties which have an asterisk attached were originated by myself from seeds during the last eight years. p denotes the pistillate varieties. h and P denote those varieties which combine plants of each sex, and all the others are hermaphrodites or bisexual, and may be used as fertilizers.
Vigorous growth, very large, dark scarlet fruit, sweet, rich, melting. Highest flavor of all, and very productive.
Fine large fruit on strong stems, beautiful color, very productive. This is a seedling from the Early Scarlet, and a great improvement on it, being twice as large, and thrice as productive, and very valuable. It sometimes produces a partial crop in autumn.
Rather large, dark scarlet, delicious sprightly flavor, productive, but with very short peduncles. p.
Medium size, being the same as Burr's New Pine, of which it is a seedling, but is more vigorous and more productive than its parent. Berries light scarlet, of a rich and spicy flavor. p.
Very large, bright scarlet, ovate, tart but pleasant; on strong peduncles. Estimable.
Very large, orange scarlet, rounded, very productive. p.
Vigorous foliage, very large scarlet berries, delicious flavor, productive.
Very large, deep. crimson, high flavor, moderate bearer.
Early, medium size, scarlet, oblong cone, rather acid. Very productive. Second crop in September.
Very large, scarlet, oblong cone, beautiful, rich and high flavored. Good bearer. This is the largest and most celebrated French variety.
Large, deep scarlet, beautiful, very productive. A good fruit for market, of vigorous growth and luxuriant foliage.
Fair size or rather large, oblong cone, bright crimson, beautiful, rather acid without sugar, the seeds deeply embedded. It is of very vigorous growth and very productive, p. There is a hermaphrodite variety which is less productive, but which should be used as a fertilizer for the pistillate.
Resembles its parent the Crimson Cone, but is much earlier. It is very productive, but the fruit is rather soft for carriage to market. p.
Large, conical, deep scarlet or crimson, sweet, rich. Very productive. h and p.
Very large, scarlet, conical, beautiful, good flavor, firm, suitable for market A seedling of the Hudson, p.
Fair size, conical, scarlet Very productive. p.
A splendid seedling from the Montevideo Pine, very large, scarlet, oblong cone. A fair bearer for this class, and ripening gradually for three weeks. The growth is vigorous.
Secondary size, crimson, conical, productive, peculiar flavor. h and P.
Same size and color as Large Early Scarlet, and much resembles it; of fine flavor, and produces twice the quantity of fruit resulting from its sexuality. p.
Very large, light scarlet, rounded or short cone, beautiful, excellent flavor, productive.
Good size, elongated cone, pleasant flavor. Usually produces a second crop in September.
Very large, oblong cone, beautiful. Estimable. Very productive, p.
Purse-shaped, light scarlet, rich flavor, moderate bearer.
The true variety is round, of moderate size and beautiful orange scarlet color, not high flavored, but a profuse bearer, and particularly desirable as one of the later varieties that follow the general crop. There is a spurious variety cultivated at Rochester and at Boston under this name, which we published in our rejected lists many years since. p.
Large and splendid, of beautiful color and fine quality. It will produce a fair crop on a strong soil, if kept free from runners. It is one among the many important acquisitions for which we are indebted to the Messrs. Hovey, of Boston.
It seems almost superfluous to describe this very large and splendid crimson variety. The foliage is broad and luxuriant, not as tall as most other varieties. The berries are rather dark colored for a market fruit, and vary greatly in size at the different pickings, and they are not as high flavored as the preceding variety. It is however so large and productive, that but few will be willing to dispense with it p.
A seedling of Montevideo Pine, very large, short cone or rounded, bright scarlet, indifferent flavor. Very productive. p.
Monstrous size, ovate, deep scarlet. A fair bearer for this class, which ripens its fruit gradually. There are several other fine varieties known as the Colonia, Cordova, Parana, etc..
This being newly introduced from the south, its merits as regards a northern climate require further trial. The plants have not as yet shown any perpetual character here. Hovey's Seedling has proved equally as perpetual or long-bearer at the south as the Crescent, the climate apparently imparting that character. (To be continued).