This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We regret to learn, from Mr. Buist, that the Ugenia Ugni, a fruit bearing shrub, mentioned several times lately in this work, and recommended lately by Mr. Sargent, is not likely to be hardy here. It will require either to be taken up every winter, or kept as a greenhouse plant in this latitude. At the South, it will prove of great value.
The Chronicle says: "If bushes of the Eugenia Ugni, perhaps the richest in flavor of all the uncommon exotic fruits, were mixed with the orange plants, they would give variety to the appearance of a house, and enhance very materially its value. In our own opinion, the Ugni, when properly ripened, ranks with the vine and the pine-apple. Its fault is that the berries grow singly, and are no bigger than Black Currants; but, on the other hand, it produces its fruit in abundance".
Soil for orange-trees-Mr. Thomas Rivers recommends growing oranges, more commonly than is now done, and says: "In cultivating the orange for its fruit, the first consideration is to procure the most desirable varieties; those delicious and smooth-rmded oranges we receive from St. Michael's; the Maltese Blood-Oranges, and the Mandarin, are the most desirable, as well as some sweet ones cultivated in France. The first matter of import is the soil; the best is, two parts sandy loam, from the surface of some pasture or healthy common, chopped up with its turf, and used with its lumps the size of large walnuts, and its fine mould, the result of chopping, all mixed together, one part rotten, manure, at least a year old, and one part leaf-mould; to a bushel of this compost, add a quarter of a peck of silver, or any coarse, silicons sand - oalcareous sand and road sand are injurious - and the mixture will do for all the fruit-trees of the tropical orchard houses as well as for oranges. Commence potting with a pot too small rather than too large".
NEW PEAs are receiving attention in England. A correspondent -of the London Florist thus sums up his experience with them: "With regard to early Peas, we do not consider that an earlier than Daniel O'Rourke is requisite, unless a much hardier race can be procured to resist spring frosts; .but it is essential that a pea as early as Daniel O'Rourke, with the flavor and productiveness of our best Marrowfats, should be procured, and to the attainment of this object we direct the attention of hybridizers. For small, or even large gardens, we recommend the following Sorts: -
"First Early - Daniel O'Rourke (with a succession, a fortnight after, for large gardens).
"Second Early - Harrison's Perfection or Glory, Dickson's Favorite.
"Third Crop - Champion of England.