This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In answer to your correspondent, "C. W. P.," Newton, Mass., in the May number of the HorticuUurirt, respecting the new Willow, all I can any of ok, that it came originally from Gloucestershire, (England), without a name, and as for as I can ascertain has no name there, and is not described in any book on the subject, and our correspondent in England says, give it a name, for it is more valuable for all purposes, than any Willow with which he is acquainted.
It will be for sale in the mil by Dr. C. W. Giant, Newborgh, N. T. He has called it the Beveridge Willow, Salie Beveridgei Chales Downess.
Ever since Mr. Charles Downing's excellent article upon Willows and Willow Culture appeared in the Horticuiturist (April number, p. 172,) I hare been looking for another from him on the growing and management of Willow fence and screens. 1 think he will be doing a great favor to many of your readers by to doing. I hare been contemplating setting out Willows and Lombardy Poplars, for fence and screens, the following summer, and wish to know the best plan to manage them. H. H. - Wincchester Centre, Conn.
We hope Mr. Downing, or some one else who has experience in such matters, will give us a few hints.
I send you, per express, a small box of Apples known here as the Middle Apple. The fruit was brought to this State, some time since, from New York, (I think from either Herkimer or Westchester county,) by Col. James B. Hunt. I have never seen the name in any catalogue, though I presume you hare it under some other name. You will oblige me by stating what you know about it, if anything, and also your opinion of the Apple. It is a great favorite in this section. The specimens sent are medium size. A. W. Hovey. - Pontiac, Mich.
A very nice, mild, juicy Apple, considerably cultivated, and highly esteemed, in Herkimer county, where it originated. Mr. Chas. Spinner, of Herkimer, informs us that it was called " Middle Apple," from haying been found on the line between two adjoining farms. He says, also, that it usually commands a higher price in their markets than any other variety.
Anderson's Synopsis of North American Willows closes thus: It appears that of the 58 North American species, 24 are identical with European ones, 24 belong to the same types, and only 10 western or arctic forms seem to be peculiar to this great continent: and further, that of the Scandinavian Flora only a single indigenous species or type is not found in America (a type which appears as if composed of almost every other), while 48 more or less related species or types are common to the New and Old World, but more luxuriant and varying in America, where we also find a number of other types. All this leads us to look to America as the chief abode, perhaps the original home, of the willows, and the country where the genus ought to be especially studied. Therefore we may call upon American botanists to apply themselves to the investigation of this genus and its intricate forms, as they have already done to another vast genus (Carex) which presents an analogous distribution.
Science, which prefers facts to hypotheses, has not yet sufficient materials to assure us whether and by what means, or in what ways, the original species were first diffused from single centres over distant parts of the earth; but all we know of the arctic and northern regions shows that their vegetation is very homogeneous. This synopsis may help to show, with regard to willows, that there are many links connecting Europe and America.