I am glad to observe that this subject is likely to receive some consideration from horticulturists. All I ask is, that the truth may be met, and duly weighed. So far, we have had nearly every thing on one side. The use of wine, as a remedy for intemperance, has been recommended by many prominent cultivators and most of the agricultural and horticultural papers, while scarcely one has uttered a sentence by way of objection. At one of the sessions of the American Pomological Society, a member delivered a stirring eulogy on the manufacture of American wine, with a strong recommendation of its general use, to which the worthy President responded with an emphatic "Amen 1" and several other remarks were made of a similar tendency, no one objecting to the course of the discussion; but as soon as adverse remarks were made, members sprung to their feet, with the exclamation, "We must not allow this discussion, it is out of place here I" and it was immediately stopped. Perhaps the only mistake was in beginning it. All that is asked for at present is fair play. The eulogists for wine-drinking have had it very much their own way; possibly because those with different views have not voluntarily spoken.

If so, some of us will endeavor to make amends.

I differ a little from the author of the communication in the last number of the Horticulturist. He quotes from the Sacred Scriptures - alludes to the injunction of Paul to Timothy, to " use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thine often infirmities." Now we must be candid and fair, and look at the circumstances. Timothy was ill, but still he used only "water" - would not drink even a "little" wine, and that for medicine, until it was urged upon him by an inspired apostle. If none of us go further than this, we shall never consume it very largely. Why are the results of wine sometimes denounced in Scripture, as "woe, sorrow, babblings, wounds without cause, and redness of eyes," and we are cautioned not even to " look upon it when it is red, when it moveth itself aright," (ferments or sparkles,) and in other places it is commended? Doubtless there was more than one kind, the alcoholic and the non-alcoholic. It is so at the East at the present day, as I am informed. But whether so or not, one thing is certain, that the evils of intemperance have been so greatly increased by means of distillation, that wine, that so often leads the way and prepares the appetite for stronger spirits, is far moro dangerous now than at an early period of the world's history.

I did not intend to have said much on the connection of the Scriptures with this subject, but I hope to be excused for mentioning one other injunction, of universal application to all practices which indirectly injure others. "Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend;" or, applied more particularly, "If wine-drinking leads one brother in a hundred to be a drunkard, I will drink no wine while the world standeth, lest an example might lead my brother to this dreadful practice".

Now, to come to wine-drinking France. We have two kinds of testimony from those who have visited that country. The witnesses are those who saw the evil, and those who did not Now, in all candor, are not the latter class like the Hibernian, who denied, in court, having stolen the axe? " But," says the judge, "here are two witnesses that say they saw you take it." "Viry will," said the prisoner, "an 1 can bring twinty witnesses that didn't see me take it".

According to recent testimony on the subject before Parliament, the wine usually sold contains 10 to 40 per cent, alcohol. Brande, in 1813, found "raisin wine" to contain 26 per cent.; port, 25 per cent; sherry, 19 per cent; Madeira, 22, and claret, 17 per cent of alcohol. Now, I ask how such drinks as these can be used as a common beverage, to prevent intemperance? Is it possible for everybody to drink daily of Buch large portions of alcohol, without many acquiring a strong appetite for it? The thing is impossible 1 We might as well propose to set fire daily to some of our dwellings in the city, in order to prevent a conflagration. According to Brande, brandy, rum, and Irish whisky, contain each 53 per cent, of alcohol, and gin 51 per cent. Can any one inform me in what way it will be safer to drink two pints of port wine, containing over two gills of pure alcohol, or one pint of Irish whisky, or brandy, also containing two gills of pure alcohol? I can not split hairs with sufficient skill to point out the difference.

Knowing these facts, I should not wish, for my own couvincement, to bear testimony whether a people can drink wine as a common beverage, and remain a temperate people. The cause must have its effect, as sure as water will run down a hill; and, if facts are only investigated thoroughly, not superficially, no other results, it appears to me, can possibly be reached than those startling ones mentioned in the last number of the Horticulturist. Allow me to add a few, which I derive from a recent letter of a distinguished American gentleman, who is not regarded by many of his friends as very ultra on the temperance question. He says that, when recently in Paris, a wine-merchant directed him to one of the many hidden places where he could see the effects of wine-drinking. The following is his description:

"At the lowest, five hundred persons had already assembled, and the people were flocking there in droves; men, women, and children, whole families, young girls alone, boys alone, taking their seats at tables; a mother with an infant in her arms came reeling up to one of the tables.

"It was an immense establishment, occupying three sides of a square, and rapidly filling with wine votaries. I saw hundreds in a state of intoxication, to a greater or less degree. All, or nearly all, had wine before them. This place was considered a rather respectable wine-shop. My guide then took me to another establishment not ten minutes1 ride from the emperor's palace. The scene here beggars description. I found myself in a narrow lane, filled with men and women of the lowest grade.

I then entered into the outer room of the establishment, which was fall of the most degraded human beings I ever beheld, drinking wine, and talking in loud voices. The cabman informed me he had often seen here eighty to one hundred and fifty lying drunk at a time. They remained there till the fume passed off; for, if found drunk in the streets, the police took them in charge. I was told there were hundreds of such places in Paris. I am convinced that the emperor has more to fear from the wine-shops than all other sources united. They furnish the material for riot and revolution, and the wine drank in them is the stimulant to every vice. Americans and others visiting the fashionable walks of Paris and other continental cities, seeing but few staggering men in the streets, honestly suppose that wine countries are, in a great measure, free from the vice of intemperance; but it is a great mistake".

RUSTIC ARBOR.

RUSTIC ARBOR.