More than a hundred years before the introduction of the Chinese, Europe possessed the North American Glycina, now called Wistaria Frutescens. However, as frequently happens in such cases, the new comer has supplanted its predecessor, which it surpasses in the great development of its stems, in the astonishing profusion of its flowers, and in the size of its azure-colored clusters. To these advantages of its rival, the United States species can boast on its side of flowering on branches previously supplied with leaves, as well as of exhaling in the autumn an agreeable perfume. In other respects the resemblance is seen in the harmony of the general appearance, in the graceful drooping of the clusters, which are of a rich violet color.

This tint is succeeded in the variety magnifica by a lilac color, with a metallic sulphur-colored spot. Its clusters, instead of being pendent, grow horizontally; the flowers, instead of being far apart, are very compact in the clusters, much more so than the picture represents them. This variety has the great advantage of flowering profusely, whilst the other hardly shows its flowers. Its blooming anticipates also that of the type, it being in flower towards the end of June. It has been produced from seeds sown by M. Delaville, the elder, head of horticulture at the castle of Fitz James, near Claremont (Oise), owned by M. de Beaumini, from whom I obtained it.

°See Frontispiece.

His grafts are multiplied rapidly. The specimens delivered have been very hardy. L. Van Houtte, in Flort des Serres.