This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
A beautiful bright rose; a noble flower; spike close and habit free.
Not satisfactory, on the pear stock; but good on the quince. It is a noble looking, great coarse fruit, of tolerable flavor, fair second quality. It will do to sell to those who only judge of pears by their size and appearance. For preserving, they are grand. They should be grown only on quince stocks, and then, near to the ground, that the wind may not dislodge them, which it will be quite apt to do, if suffered to grow high.
Next to the Bartlett, this is the most popular of market pears anywhere. Tree a splendid grower, retaining its foliage until severe frosts, and bearing heavy crops of the most magnificent pears, which always sell readily at from five to eight dollars per bushel. Fruit very large and of excellent quality. Bears picking early, and stands carriage well. Best as a dwarf, but succeeds admirably as a standard.
Large, uniform in size, of high flavor, and juicy; as regards its market value, deserves to be ranked No. 1.
This is naturally classed among the Doyennes. In some catalogues it is confounded with the Doyenne d'Ete, from which, however, it is very different. Tree - vigorous and very productive. Fruit - middle-sized, somewhat larger than the Doyenne d'Ete, or Doyenne de Juillet. Skin - smooth, pale green, dotted with brown. Stalk - short and thick. Flesh - white, crisp, juicy, and sugary. Ripens, at Nantes, between the 15th of August and the 15th of September. This variety was discovered by M. BrNEAUU, nurseryman, at Nantes. Among a number of seedling trees at a place called the Barriere de Fer, commune de Saint-Herblain, he observed two trees, the fruits of which appeared to possess merit; to one of them he gave the name of Duekesse de Berry, and to the other that of Saint Herblain d'Hiver, and introduced them into his nursery in 1827.
Some of the names of pears, and especially those which are pretty well peppered with French accents, are inconveniently long to most cultivators, among which is the Duchesse d'Angouleme. "We observe in the last number of Hovey's Magazine, the editor names the "Duchesse" among other pears; whether it is the Duchesse d'Orleans, Duchesse of Beri. or Duchesse de Mars, we should not be able to decide, were we not aware, as some others are not, that the Duchesse d'Angouleme is sometimes called by this name, which certainly has too much of the " John Smith" indeflniteness about it. No objection of this sort could be made to the name Angouleme.
The original tree has a magnificent pyramidal form. Fruit - middle-sized, or tolerably large, obtuse-pyramidal, of a fine golden yellow, profusely sprinkled with reddish-brown and dark specks. Stalk - slender, woody, and about an inch and a quarter in length. Flesh - white, fine, melting, very juicy and sugary, with a vinous perfumed flavor. Season - November and December. Raised by M. Alexandre Bivort, and bore, for the first time, in 1847.