The Portuguese Vineyards

In the late circular of Mr. Forrester, the. great wine manufacturer, he gives a most gloomy picture of the Portuguese vineyards. So great is the falling off of the produce, that fabulous prices are demanded, and it now appears that the great proprietors have planted Indian corn to supersede the vine, and, moreover, that a new disease, caused by an insect, has made its appearance, and threatens the vines of Portugal with the fate of those in Madeira and Tenerifie... The indications are strong that Europe must ultimately receive her supplies of wine from America, or. elsewhere.

Post Office Department

Appointment Office, Washington, D. C, Jan. 10, 1878. Hon. A. C. Harmer, H. of R.:

Sir - Please inform your correspondent that this Department, though not officially notified, is advised that the President has now signed the bill recently passed by Congress, whereby seeds, bulbs, roots, and scions are classed with printed matter in regard to postage and weight of packages, that is, one cent for each two ounces, or fraction thereof, limited to four-pound packages, and the same is now the law.

Postmasters will be advised as soon as possible after the official notice from the Department of State is received.

The same law provides that all third-class matter must be prepaid in full by stamps affixed at the office of mailing, otherwise the same shall not be forwarded.

Very respectfully, etc, J. W. MAR8HALL,

First Assistant P. M. General.

Postage Prepaid

After January first next, all postage on periodicals is required, by act of Congress, to be prepaid by publishers before copies are mailed. Subscribers therefore must pay postage to publishers, and nop as formerly, each quarter, to their local postmasters. The advance postage on The Horticulturist will be ten cents per year, which must be added to all remittances of subscription.

Postscript To The Downing Monument

As we are going to press, wo have received iron* the designer of the Downing Monument the following additional inscription, which is to be cut into the base of the pedestal: -

"This memorial was erected under a resolution passed, at Philadelphia, in September, "1852, by the American Pomological Society, of which Mr. Downing was one of the original "founders. Marshall P. Wilder, President,"

The United States Agricultural Exhibition, at Philadelphia, was an eminent success, both as regards the display and the unequalled attendance. The receipts are said to have reached thirty-nine thousand dollars; the' utmost order prevailed, and our citizens had a good opportunity of Judging of the value of such exhibitions of stock and fruit. Wo hoped to be furnished with the official report of the horticultural .department, but it had not been received, owing, no doubt, to an accident, when the Horticulturist went to press.

Pot Soil Pressers

The following is a pattern of a pot soil presser; the hole in the centre is for the plant stem. There is always a difficulty in examining a fresh-potted plant, on account of the mould falling away from the root when turned out. The accompanying can be laid on the top of the soil in the pot, and pressed down with one hand while the pot is removed with the other. They can be made of earthenware, wood, leather, etc. Of course, various sizes can be made, as required. An Old Subscriber.