This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Attend to the lifting of roots, as carrota, beets, etc.; such roots are best preserved in a cool cellar, secured from frost, packed in sand or dry earth. Parsnips may remain in the around as long as possible, and even all winter. Potatoes are much affected with rot, and will consequently require extra attention. At the time of lifting, they should be got as dry as possible, and carefully picked over, rejecting all that show the slightest symptoms of decay. Those that are apparently sound should be spread out somewhat thinly, and covered with dry sand or earth. Charcoal dust' is'by far the best material for this purpose. Borne years ago, when the disease was vary prevalent, we saw several instances of the value of charooal dust above all other expedients as a preserving agent. They should be completely covered over, so as to be entirely excluded from the direct action of the atmosphere.
All spare ground should be dug over, and weeds and other rubbish buried under. Cornstalks and such refuse, are valuable ingredients in clayey soils at this season; they decay slowly, and preserve a porosity which allows a thorough pulverisation with frost.
Lettuces for early winter use should be planted in frames where protection Can be given on cold nights, but they should have abundance of ventilation so long as the weather is open; heavy rains should be excluded.