This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
A charming novelty has been introduced in Ireland, which in the opinion of the Irish Farmer's Gazette, has strong claims to be regarded as A 1, among the charms of hardy flowering plants.
We allude to a new dwarf CEnothera, from Utah, which we saw in flower at Glasnevin last year, and for the introduction of which, as of so many other choice plants, we are indebted to Dr. Moore. Calling at the gardens one evening last summer, while walking round with Dr. Moore, he asked, Had we seen the new (Enothera? Being answered in the negative, he led the way to the lock-up garden or sanctum, where one is sure at all times to meet something new, very rare, or of much botanical interest. On this occasion, however, all else was forgotten in admiration of the lovely little transatlantic gem to which Dr. Moore introduced us. Looked at in the quiet stillness and shadows of a summer evening's close, with its circlet of large pure white flowers, raised vertically above the foliage, on long, slender tubes, and expanding their broad fair bosom to the cooling moonbeams, this lovely plant presented an appearance altogether unique and striking.
This plant is altogether unique amongst its congeners as regards habit and appearance. The best of the latter, as for instance, (E. Mis-ourensis, (E. Lamarkiana, etc., though showy as regards flowers, are of a gawky, straggling habit, which detracts much from their value. The plant to which we now direct attention is just the opposite, being single-stemmed, compact, and dwarf, flowering when not more than 6 inches high, and at the end of the season nearly doubling that height. But to come to particulars. The stem is short, stout, some 8 or 10 inches high; the leaves runoinate, having long foot stalks, which, together with the midrib, in the lower leaves, are white, in the upper red or pinkish. Commencing at the base, the flowers issue in long succession from the axils of the leaves, and are elevated vertically over remarkably slender tubes fully a span in length, in a way to produce a beautiful effect. The flowers, as compared with the plant, are of great size, pure white, the limb of the corolla consisting of four very large oboordate petals, at the base of which the anthers are placed, round the mouth of the tube, which here expands considerably, and is of a greenish yellow color. The stigma is cruciform and considerably exserted.
The above description, we are quite aware, is very imperfect, and conveys a still more imperfect idea of this fine flower. As yet, as far as we are aware, this CEnothera is without a specific name. It comes from the state of Utah, North America, and was communicated to Dr. Moore by his friend M. RoezL, of Zurich. When we saw the plant at Glasnevin it promised to seed freely, and we hope ere long to see it widely distributed, and taking a prominent position in the choice herbaceous border, or cutting a figure in some phase of subtropical gardening, for which its dwarf habit and exotic appearance seem to render it eminently suitable.