This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Throughout most sections of our Western and Southwestern States the cultivation of sweet cherries, like Black Tartarian, Rockport, Elton, etc., is attended with so many vicissitudes and so much uncertainty and disappointment as to prevent their being generally grown, and in their place (because every one wants cherries) the common varieties of sour cherries, with here and there a plantation of Early Richmond or Early May, have taken their place, and many a grower of fruits, with hundreds of cherry-trees, is at this time utterly ignorant of the good qualities of the sweet cherries, and also in a great measure of the best varieties of the sour cherries, or those regarded as hardy.
Illinois and other Western horticultural societies have asserted that the cherry known by them as "Early May" is the only one worthy of general cultivation at the West. I think otherwise, and look upon such decisions as being immature, and as measurably without a fair trial of other sorts. While I have great deference for the views and opinions of others, I present the following varieties, which I feel satisfied may, as a rule, be safely 19 planted and successfully grown, even in localities regarded as most unfavorable.
I have, many times before, written of the advantages of using the Morello cherry as a stock, and also causing the trees to branch directly from the ground; both of which are now generally conceded to be* valuable aids to success; but if Mazzard stocks are used, I think root-pruning annually until the trees arrive at bearing age, will, in many locations, and especially when the soil is dry or well underdrained, result in producing healthy and hardy trees; but as it is attended with more labor than when the tree is on the Morello stock, and does not even then dwarf the tree quite as much, the Morello stock is best, if it can be had.