This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Genesee Farmer states, that a dwarf apple tree, seven years planted, and ten years old, the tree not over three feet high, growing on the grounds of Aaron Erick-son of Rochester, produced a Fall Pippin *ix~ teen inches in circumference and weighing twenty-six ounces. Two or three others were nearly as large. Apples grow rather larger on dwarfs than on standards. There is one inter* esting question in connexion with this subject, that we would like to have answered, vis: At what price could such apples, thus grown on dwarfs, be afforded per bushel, as a general average for seasons and cultivation and the cost of a crop per acre.-and the comparative value with other apples in market. - Albany Cultivator.
Mr. Barry, being called upon, said be could not say any thing new. The subject seemed to be pretty well understood. Two stocks are used for dwarfing Che apple - the Paradise and the Doucain. The Paradise makes a Tory small tree, suitable for gardens; the Doucain is a tree of larger growth, suitable for pyramids or half-standards, and might be of advantage in the West, and other places, for orcharding. In answer to an inquiry, fir. B. said that dwarfs probably would not be as long-lived as standards, because the stocks are raised from cuttings. The fruit of the Domain is small and sweet - that of the Paradise very small and insignificant Had never known stocks of either grown from seed. The cuttings root freely. Had seen trees on Doucain stocks twenty years old apparently as healthy as ever, and likely to live a score of years longer. On this stock trees do not bear much earlier than on their own roots - some five or six years after planting. On Paradise stock trees bear very young. On the former, trees should be set out about twelve feet apart, and on the latter from four to six feet Mr. B. knew of no successful experiments with the Doucain stock in orcharding, and could not say that it possesses any advantages over the free stocks for general market purposes.